Ireland

       
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Ireland is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth. To its east is the larger island of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the Irish Sea. Politically, the island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just under 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain epitomise Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 17th century. Today, it is one of the most deforested areas in Europe. There are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. A Norman invasion in the Middle Ages gave way to a Gaelic resurgence in the 13th century. Over sixty years of intermittent warfare in the 1500s led to English dominance after 1603. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. In 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century led to the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades. Northern Ireland remained a part of the United Kingdom and saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973, both parts of Ireland joined the European Economic Community. Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and education. A strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed for example through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language, alongside mainstream Western culture, such as contemporary music and drama, and a culture shared in common with Great Britain, as expressed through sports such as soccer, rugby, horse racing, and golf, and the English language.
Capital Dublino
Currency Euro
Country code 00353
Spoken languages ​​ english
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing. You need to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU, but not in the Schengen area, so the border there are long and thorough checks of travel documents. For the same reason, foreigners resident in Italy with a Schengen visa, if they want to travel to Ireland, must ask further saw the Irish Embassy or Consulate. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of Ireland in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Emergency services are discrete. Good availability of medication even though it's virtually impossible to buy without prescription. You do not require mandatory vaccinations. No particular difficulties for any medical emergency repatriation. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in Ireland (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided for emergency cases from local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) Calling Card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. Those who had not yet been received to its ASL can contact and ask for the "provisional replacement certificate".

Climate

Moderately cool climate during the autumn; in recent years, very cold in winter; cool spring and mild in summer. General tendency to rain throughout the year.

Viability

Licence: Italian. Car insurance The Italian insurance is also valid in Ireland. A motorist who is in possession of a valid insurance for Ireland must obtain a short-term to a border crossing or port of arrival. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. A vehicle temporarily imported cannot be lent, sold, hired, given, traded or otherwise used in the territory of the country without the consent of "Revenue Commissioners". The vehicle may be driven only by the owner or by a person whose sole or main residence is abroad, accompanying the owner or in possession of his written authorization to conduct the vehicle. As regards the vehicles hired outside Ireland, a visitor whose sole or main residence is abroad can temporarily import a vehicle rented informally. This vehicle can be driven by a chauffeur and mechanic living in Ireland who is in possession of a written authorization from the importer, but can't be driven by another resident. Driving rules Direction of travel: movement to the left, overtaking on the right. Since January 2005, all signs indicate the speed limits in km/h and is no longer in miles/hour Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts: drivers and passengers must wear seat belts on both front seats on the rear ones of vehicles which are equipped. Children: If you are under the age of 12 years may not occupy the front seat of a vehicle that is not equipped with a restraint system appropriate to their size. This Regulation shall not apply if all the seats are occupied by children. BAC: the driver whose BAC exceeds 0.05% it is liable to penalties. A police officer ("garda") may require any person suspected of driving while intoxicated to undergo a test of blood alcohol level. If the test is positive, the motorist must follow the agent to the Commissioner of police to undergo a blood test or a urine test. The limit of 0.02% BAC is for novice drivers (up to 2 years) and professional drivers. Fines range from $ 200 to 400 and the suspension of driving licences from 3 to 6 months. Motorways are tolled.

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