Baghdad

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is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert. Iraq borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (36 mi) on the northern Persian Gulf. The capital city, Baghdad is in the center-east of the country. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the center of Iraq, flowing from northwest to southeast. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppe and desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia. Historically, Iraq has been known by the Greek toponym 'Mesopotamia' (Land between the rivers) and has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is often referred to as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing, law and the wheel. At different periods in its history, Iraq was the center of the indigenous Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Abbasid empires. It was also part of the Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Mongol, Safavid, Afsharid, and Ottoman empires, and under British control as a League of Nations mandate. Iraq's modern borders were demarcated in 1920 by the League of Nations when the Ottoman Empire was divided by the Treaty of Sèvres. Iraq was placed under the authority of the United Kingdom as the British Mandate of Mesopotamia. A monarchy was established in 1921 and the Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from Britain in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Republic of Iraq was created. Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion led by American and British forces, the Ba'ath Party was removed from power and Iraq came under a military occupation by a multinational coalition. Sovereignty was transferred to the Iraqi Interim Government in June 2004. A new constitution was then approved by referendum and a new Government of Iraq was elected. Foreign troops remained in Iraq after the establishment of a new government due to an insurgency that developed shortly after the invasion, with violence peaking in mid 2007. In August 2010, the U.S. became the last member of the coalition to cease combat operations in Iraq and over one year later, in December 2011, the last U.S. troops left the country, bringing an end to the Iraq War. Iraq is a Shia-majority country which contains the Imam Husayn Shrine at Karbala.

Capital BAGHDAD
Currency Dinaro iracheno
Country code 00964
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic, Kurdish
Passport

Passport: needed, with survival of at least 6 months at the time of entry into the country. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health care system is not reliable. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Occurred in 2007 and 2008 in cases of cholera. The Government has prepared with the appropriate control measures OMS and prevention. It is recommended in any case taking careful precautions regarding food hygiene. WARNINGS We recommend that you take the following precautions: sanitation -drink only bottled water. -do not add ice in drinks; -avoid raw vegetables and ice cream; -eat only if well cooked meat (is, in fact, high risk of contracting the traveler's dysentery). From May to November in the northern areas (under 1500 meters) there is a risk of malaria. You should, therefore, adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites, listed under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. In the summertime, in the face of the rapid increase in temperature, increases the risk of contracting diseases (diarrhoea, etc ...). Trachoma is endemic. We recommend, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against: diphtheria, tetanus, polio, typhoid, hepatitis A and B, rabies and cholera.

Telephony

Are active in the country the mobile network "Iraqna" and "Asiacell" that have roaming agreements with major Italian operators and with operators in other countries. The coverage and reliability of the service is overall still relatively low. In the region of Iraqi Kurdistan also operates another mobile network (Korek). It is advisable to carry satellite phones.

Climate

Continental climate and semi-arid subtropical. Rainfall from December to February with an annual average of 154 mm. Winter temperatures with day/night between 16 and the 2° C; summer hiking day/night between 40 and 55 degrees C (highs). In desert areas have summer temperatures over 60 degrees.

Viability

Licence International (Model Convention of 1949 and 1968) Customs documents Is required the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Internal transport We recommend that you avoid the use of public transport because poor poor reliability, and with frequent route changes. I am absolutely to avoid navigating outside of adequate and verified security contexts.

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