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is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's seventeenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change. Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest—and the politically dominant—ethnic group. Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.

Capital JAKARTA
Currency rupia Indonesiana
Country code 0062
Spoken languages ​​ Indonesian Language
Passport

Passport: needed, with survival of at least 6 months after the date of entry into Indonesia.

Health

In Indonesia the level of public health is not comparable to Western standards. There are only a few public facilities in the main cities of the country (particularly in Jakarta, Surabaya and Bali Island) of an appropriate level. In the capital there are also some private clinics that provide a satisfactory service and is a blood transfusion centre at the Indonesian Red Cross. Generally can be found at all the major medicines, albeit generally high prices. However, if you suffer from a disease that needs special medication, you may want to start with an adequate supply of medicines you need. For any emergencies or serious health problems it is adviseable to health facilities of nearby Singapore (well connected with frequent flights to Indonesia and duration less than 2 hours). In this regard, it is recommended to take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other Country. In the absence of such medical repatriation insurance entails considerable difficulties. Among the endemic diseases include: -dengue fever is endemic in much of the country (including Jakarta). The disease, transmitted through the bite of the mosquito "Aedes Aegypti" – tends to increase coinciding with the arrival of the rainy season (December to April); -malaria is endemic to Lombok, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua; -viral hepatitis is endemic throughout Indonesia. Spread the cheer. In the past in Bali have been reported some cases of Japanese encephalitis. It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. The H5N1 avian influenza virus has been recorded in poultry flocks since 2006, with cases of humans suffering from the disease; particularly in rural areas of Central Java and the island of Bali. It should be noted that the who does not suggest restrictions on travel to countries affected by the epidemic. Health authorities maintain preventive measures against any spread of the epidemic. The countrymen who wish to travel in the country it is advisable to adopt measures to be cautious (eat meat and birds ' eggs only if well cooked and to avoid any form of direct contact with birds and poultry). For further instructions please see the brochure "avian influenza: risks, preventive measures and information" on the home page of this site. More information can also be found at its ASL or on the website of the Ministry of health: www.ministerosalute.it/or the World Health Organisation: www.who.int/csr/don. " WARNINGS It recommends: -avoid rural areas, farms, farms, markets; -consume meat and eggs cooked (at least 70 degrees) because the virus is destroyed by heat; -to observe basic hygiene such as washing hands frequently; -in the case of influenza symptoms appear or fever, see a doctor immediately and consult the who web site (http://www.who.int/csr/disease) that follows the evolution of the health situation in the country. There are no compulsory vaccinations are recommended, however, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations for typhoid fever, paratyphoid A and B, hepatitis and tetanus vaccination. It is also advisable to carefully wash fruits and vegetables using sanitizers (amuchina or baking that are available on the spot), and drink bottled drinks or mineral water without adding ice.

Telephony

the cell phone network coverage, especially in the cities, is good and constantly expanding.

Climate

Hot-humid with average temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius. There are two seasons: the rainy season (October-April) and dry season (April-October). Possible phenomena cyclonic during the months from November to April.

Viability

Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 Model or Vienna 1968). Minimum mandatory insurance: insurance is not compulsory in Indonesia, but for rental cars is generally included in the price. Short-term insurance: you can take out insurance for 1 or 2 months. Temporary importation of vehicles Is required the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. More information at www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Driving rules Drive on the left, overtaking on the right. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists. Safety belts. Alcohol in blood Not being very popular alcohol consumption has not been so far set any limit of alcohol. Transportation: air links are acceptable, more difficult and uncertain rail and land. Regarding the rental of motor vehicles (cars and motorcycles), it should be noted that foreigners must be in possession of an international driving licence also enabled driving two-wheeled vehicles (in the case is meant to hire a motorbike, practice very common in Bali). In the absence of such licences is available on request to the competent authorities a temporary driving permit duration of one month (extendable after a theoretical-practical exam). It is suggested therefore hiring chauffeur-driven vehicles. For driving motorcycles is the requirement of the use of the helmet for both the driver and the passenger. Foreigners may hire and drive cars and motorcycles equipped with insurance for foreigners.

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