India

       
Taj Mahal

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is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;[d] China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four of the world's major religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance and led by Mahatma Gandhi. The Indian economy is the world's tenth-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks ninth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. It is one of the five BRICS nations. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

Capital NEW DELHI
Currency Rupia indiana (INR)
Country code 0091
Spoken languages ​​ hindi and English
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months on arrival. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health situation is considered to be at risk. Malaria, dengue and chikungunya fever as well as diseases transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes, are endemic, especially in southern and Eastern regions of the country and worsened in the monsoon period and post-monsoon. It is therefore necessary to take all precautions to avoid the risk of puncture: mosquito, mosquito creams and electrical mosquito. Cases have been reported of Italians who were suffering from dengue in major cities such as New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. In this regard, it is recommended that you take while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. There is a considerable risk of gastroenteritis (amoebiasis, salmonella), and the possibility of outbreaks of typhoid, Japanese encephalitis and meningitis (especially during the monsoon) and acute encephalitis syndrome. Cholera is endemic, with possible outbreaks, as well as polio. In the past there were many New Delhi neighborhoods outbreaks of cholera and gastroenteritis. It is suggested to adopt hygienic precautions (e.g., wash your hands frequently, and drink only water from sealed bottles, etc.). Strong is the risk of AIDS, infection and blood transfusion. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings Vaccinations: no compulsory vaccinations for travellers from Italy. Before your trip you should consult the competent ASL on the necessity of vaccination or prophylaxis. Typically, after consulting a doctor, recommended vaccinations against: diphtheria, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, tuberculosis, and polio inoculations and recall, especially for those traveling during the warm season (May to September) and stay in rural areas, the Japanese encephalitis and meningitis. Regarding prophylaxis, vaccination against Japanese encephalitis (hardly available in Italy) and meningitis are recommended only for those staying a long time in the monsoon period and post-monsoon in high-risk areas, particularly rural areas. We suggest you contact your doctor or healthcare for more tips. Food precautions: You should be cautious in the choice of food and beverage of high risks arising from poor hygiene. -It is good to consume only well-cooked foods and packaged foods, avoiding raw vegetables and fruits that we cannot Peel. -It is advisable to drink only bottled water and drinks without ice, adding only if preparations and infusions with boiled water. The warning also applies to large hotels. In the summer period to be taken serious precautions to avoid the risk of dehydration.

Telephony

The cellular network is active in the country, however the Italians are active only in major cities and it is therefore advisable to buy a card on the spot.

Climate

Tropical and subtropical, with summer temperatures reaching 48 C. The monsoon season that affects the entire Indian territory, with varying intensity, lasts from May to September

Viability

Licence. International (Geneva Convention 1949 model). Car insurance. The liability insurance is mandatory. Foreign insurances accepted: does not accept any foreign insurance. You need special insurance for India. You can take out a short-term policy. In the section "useful addresses" you have the addresses of some companies to which you can refer. VEHICLES IMPORTED TEMPORARILY WITH THE CUSTOMS DOCUMENT To import temporarily a vehicle is required the guarantee of "carnet customs passage" FIA for the duration of 6 months. This period may be extended for a further 6 months by submitting a request to the Customs authorities. The WIAA (Western India Automobile Association) is able to assist motorists in the import formalities for ship secured by motor vehicles passing through the Customs carnet. The owner must be present at the time of carrying out the formalities; the temporary importation of a vehicle is annotated on the passport of the person concerned. Driving rules Movement left, overtaking on the right. A vehicle temporarily imported, for driving on the left must bear on the rear side a sign with the words "LEFT HAND DRIVE" in red letters on a white background. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: is mandatory for motorcyclists wear helmets in some States. Safety belts, child seat: it is compulsory to wear a seat belt and child seat in some regions. Spiked tyres and snow chains It is allowed the use of studded tires on snowy roads. BAC Limit allowed: 0.03% (0.08% in West Bengal). Fines vary from 2000 to 3000 INR and there are prison sentences. Tracking tests: the police did not use the wheel but can still order the driver suspected of being under the influence of alcohol.

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