Hong Kong

       
Hong Kong Skyline ( Photo by DAVID ILIFF )

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is one of two Special Administrative Regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups. Hong Kong's Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the First Opium War (1839–42). Originally confined to Hong Kong Island, the colony's boundaries were extended in stages to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the New Territories in 1898. It was occupied by Japan during the Pacific War, after which the British resumed control until 1997, when China resumed sovereignty. The region espoused minimum government intervention under the ethos of positive non-interventionism during the colonial era. The time period greatly influenced the current culture of Hong Kong, often described as "East meets West", and the educational system, which used to loosely follow the system in England until reforms implemented in 2009. Under the principle of "one country, two systems", Hong Kong has a different political system from mainland China. Hong Kong's independent judiciary functions under the common law framework. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, its constitutional document, which stipulates that Hong Kong shall have a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign relations and military defence, governs its political system. Although it has a burgeoning multi-party system, a small-circle electorate controls half of its legislature. The Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the head of government, is selected by a Selection Committee / Election Committee with 400 to 1200 members, during the first 20 years. As one of the world's leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. The lack of space caused demand for denser constructions, which developed the city to a centre for modern architecture and the world's most vertical city. Hong Kong has one of the highest per capita income in the world. The dense space also led to a highly developed transportation network with public transport travelling rate exceeding 90 percent, the highest in the world. Hong Kong has numerous high international rankings in various aspects. For instance, its economic freedom, financial and economic competitiveness, quality of life, corruption perception, Human Development Index, etc., are all ranked highly. According to both UN and WHO estimates, Hong Kong has the second longest life expectancy of any country in the world.

Capital Hong Kong
Currency Dollaro di Hong Kong (HKD)
Country code 00852
Spoken languages ​​ cantonese, English, Chinese
Passport

Valid passport. rabies. For travelers in transit and to neighbouring countries, it is essential that it has further validity of at least six months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Public hospitals are generally of a good standard as well as private ones that provide quicker access to services, but which are particularly expensive. We recommend therefore to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Antibiotic medicines must be accompanied by a doctor's prescription and may be imported only if for personal use. Hepatitis of type A and B are endemic. From time to time include cases of cholera. Are recommended, after consulting a doctor, their immunizations. Therefore, it is recommended not to eat fish, seafood, meat and vegetables raw or undercooked. Recently there has been recorded in Hong Kong human cases of avian influenza (H5N1) is manifested in some countries of the far East and the region of Guangdong. Birds are found frequently infected by that virus. Hong Kong authorities have taken the necessary measures to prevent the disease and are not particular risks at the present time.

Climate

Tropical climate with regular rainfall. Fall: Oct./nov./dic. 18/22° C, 60/80 humidity (%) Winter: Jan./feb./mar. 10/20° C, 80/95 humidity (%) Spring: apr/mag./giu.. 20/28° C, humidity (80/90) Summer: July/Ago./Set. 25/34° C, humidity (80/90) Between the months of April and October there may be frequent typhoons that often cause flooding and landslides.

Viability

Driver's license: (you should also carry an identity document). Car insurance: compulsory RCA. You can take out insurance in the short term on arrival with minimum of a month. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules: movement to the left, overtaking on the right. Helmet: compulsory for motorcyclists and their passengers. Safety belts: all occupants of a vehicle must wear them unless the rear seats are not fitted. All passengers under 15 years must use a child restraint system appropriate to age and size. For their safety, children must travel on the rear seats. Lights: compulsory for motorcycles, even during the day. It is recommended to have a fire extinguisher in the car is a first aid kit. The inscriptions on panels are generally in English and in Chinese. Directional signals generally have a blue background, but on the expressways are gradually replaced by green background panels. Deviations are indicated by a yellow background panels. BAC: the legal limit is 0.05%. Fines of up to 25,000 HKD. Are provided for the suspension of the licence and imprisonment. The police may ask a driver to submit to a test of the balloon. If the results indicate an excess of alcohol are carried out further analysis. Highways: there are some fast roads to more lanes. On these roads is not required. Italy: links with Hong Kong is directly linked with Roma and Milan with daily flights operated by the local airline Cathay Pacific Airways. (website: http://www.cathaypacific.com). Inland Transport: very convenient is the public service bus, tram and Metro (MTR). Widespread are taxis (red, green and blue in a Kowloon New Territories). Driving in Hong Kong is right. The road network is extensive and well maintained and one part consists of expressways (separate roadways at two or more lanes). Refuelling is easy and often automated.

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