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officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti; Repiblik Ayiti), is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince. Haitian Creole and French are the official languages. Haiti's regional, historical, and ethno-linguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America and the Caribbean and the first black-led republic in the world when it gained independence as part of a successful slave revolution in 1804. In 2012, it signalled its intention to seek associate membership status in the African Union. Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Americas (along with Canada) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France. Haiti is the most populous full member-state of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)-bloc and also the poorest country in the Americas as per the Human Development Index. It has experienced political violence throughout its history. Most recently, in February 2004, an armed rebellion forced the resignation and exile of previous President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and a provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Michel Martelly, the current president, was elected in the Haitian general election, 2011. A 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti and devastated Port-au-Prince on 12 January 2010. Although the exact number was difficult to determine, the highest reliable death count was estimated at 220,000. Haitian government estimates were higher. The Presidential palace, Parliament and many other important structures were destroyed, along with countless homes and businesses, leaving many homeless. The country has yet to recover from the 2010 earthquake (and subsequent incidents) due, largely, to both the severity of the damage Haiti endured in 2010, as well as to public reliance on a government that was volatile well before the 2010 earthquake. United States aid organizations have donated $2 billion. Combined with other international donations, these funds are intended to contribute to the rebuilding of the country.

Capital Port-au-Prince
Currency Gourde
Country code 00509
Spoken languages ​​ French, English

PASSPORT: needed, with survival of at least 6 months. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.


Most public structures have collapsed during the earthquake. There are some centres primarily operated by international NGOs, in any case extremely lacking even from the point of view of hygiene. The few private clinics are very expensive. The urgencies are dealt to Miami, where, however, requires health insurance with important ceilings to be accepted. There are endemic diseases, particularly malaria and cholera which caused over 4000 victims. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. This insurance can be taken out even at the time of purchase of the ticket. The on-site procurement of medicines is relatively scarce. Therefore, we recommend that you bring along the necessary drugs for specific diseases, as well as any products mosquito repellents and other insects. Warnings We recommend that you: -drink bottled water; -consume seafood, vegetables and all refrigerated products with caution.


Hot wet tropical. Winter average temperatures between 22° and 26° c, summer average, about 30°. Thermal excursion of about 10°. Hurricane season is between June and November. The 2008 has been marked by numerous hurricanes and tropical storms.


Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model). Insurance RC mandatory. Getting around: there is no direct connection to Port-au-Prince. There are links with scheduled flights via Miami, Fort Lauderdale and Newark (American Airlines, United Airlines and Air France). The flying hours provided for Rome – Miami are 10.30 h; Miami — Port-au-Prince: 1.30 h with American Airlines. Link with Air France flight from Paris via Pointe a Pitre: flight around 10.30 h.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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