Guinea-Bissau

       
Guinea-Bissau

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is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. It covers 36,125 km² (nearly 14,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,600,000. Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as part of the Mali Empire. Parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century, while a few others were part of the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. It then became the Portuguese colony of Portuguese Guinea in the 19th century. Upon independence, declared in 1973 and recognised in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with the bordering Republic of Guinea. Only 14% of the population speaks the official language, Portuguese. A plurality of the population (44%) speaks Kriol, a Portuguese-based creole language, and the remainder speak native African languages. The main religions are African traditional religions and Islam, and there is a Christian (mostly Catholic) minority. Guinea-Bissau is a member of the African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Latin Union, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, La Francophonie and the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone. The country's per-capita gross domestic product is one of the lowest in the world.

Capital BISSAU
Currency Franco CFA
Country code 00245
Spoken languages ​​ Portuguese
Passport Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least three months upon arrival in the country. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.
Health

Healthcare facilities are very poor. There is a high risk that the drugs found on the spot, have forged. We recommend that you carry a stock of medicines for emergencies and for specific pathologies which are both suffering. Infectious diseases are widespread. The AIDS rate is high. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Health Warnings We recommend that you: • drink only mineral water without adding ice and using it for oral hygiene; • consume only well-cooked foods while avoiding vegetables and raw vegetables; -avoid bathing in fresh water, due to the high risk of bacterial infection. We recommend that you finally, after consulting a doctor, vaccination against cholera, hepatitis A and B, an anti-malarial during the whole year, vaccination against meningitis.

Telephony

cellular network limited to the area of the capital Bissau

Climate

Tropical. The hottest months are April and may (32° -33°); during the rainy season, from June to October, temperatures are slightly lower and humidity is 90%; the hot dry period (32° -33°) runs from October to March.

Viability

Licence Italian licence must be presented at the General Directorate of road transport for the issue of a temporary permit to attach to the licence. Documents for vehicles imported temporarily It is necessary the carnet customs passage. Transportation: 453 km of paved roads. Ports in Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim. Three airports with paved runway, of which 1 longer than 3,000 meters. During the rainy season, it is not uncommon that some roads, especially secondary, become quite impassable. Links with Europe: the only regular flights to Europe are carried out by the company "TAP" Portuguese air transport; "TACV" Cape Verde air transport flights, almost everyday, with Cape Verde, where you can find frequent links with Europe.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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