Pol-e Mālān, a historical bridge from the 12th century AD in Herat, Afghanistan

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 officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked sovereign state located in the centre of Asia, forming part of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia. With an estimated population of about 29 million, it has an area of 647,500 km2 (250,001 sq mi), making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. The territory of Afghanistan has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. Archaeologists have found evidence of human habitation from as far back as 50,000 BC. Urban civilization may have begun in the area as early as 3,000 to 2,000 BC.

Capital KABUL
Currency Afgano
Country code 0093
Spoken languages ​​

Dari e Pashto


DOCUMENTATION REQUIRED FOR ACCESS TO THE COUNTRY Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least three months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. TRAVEL Abroad of MINORS: Please check the Focus: "before leaving/documents for travel abroad of minors" on the home page of this site. Visa: required, requested at the Embassy of Afghanistan in Rome. Currency and customs formalities: the export of carpets and gemstones from Afghanistan is subject to restrictions and customs taxes.


Hygienic-sanitary conditions are generally poor level. There is no system of aqueducts, and a sewer system-depurative: the water is only available through private wells were contaminated by sewage discharges, no centralized sewage system. There are no clinics and hospitals tailored to Western standards, if not military ones, which are international payment for civilian personnel and do not offer the full range of medical services. For large medical-surgical interventions or health performance details require the return to Italy or treatment in hospitals in neighbouring countries. Medicines available, whenever possible, are expired, counterfeit or poor quality. In winter, the strict weather conditions restricting the availability of flights, precluding access to hospitals in neighbouring countries. In the village there are the following diseases: lesmaniosi, dysentery, cholera, salmonellosis, typhoid, paratyphoid fever, malaria and whooping cough. Poliomyelitis is endemic. An outbreak of anger is spreading rapidly in southern Khandahar province where he recorded the death of dozens of children from the beginning of 2011. The 80% of cases concerning children under the age of five years. The main cause of the epidemic is a flagrant lack of sanitation in Afghan families and the lack of drinking water. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. WARNINGS We recommend that you: • disinfect preemptively fresh foods purchased on-site, and packaged foods preferable; • drink only bottled water and drinks without ice, adding; • get vaccinated, after consulting a doctor, against cholera, typhoid, polio, hepatitis A and B, tetanus and diphtheria; • maintain, always subject to medical opinion, anti-malarial drugs. It is also advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site.


There are two local mobile networks are compatible with those of Italy.


PRT HERAT-Provincial Reconstruction Team – civilian component Tel. +39 0646913666


mainly dry and continental, with cold winters and hot summers.


Licence international driving licence (Geneva Convention 1949 model). Car insurance RCA compulsory. It is required for visitors short-term insurance (min. 1 week), seen in Kabul, with unlimited guarantee to bodily harm and for a countervalue of min. US $ 40,000 for material damage. Note: For the temporary importation of private vehicles is required the prior authorization of the Ministry of trade (see useful addresses). It is recommended to submit the inventory on the temporary importation of campers and caravans. Transportation: it is highly recommended to use public transport, including taxis. There is no road and rail network is very limited, with the exception of a few guidelines. In addition to the Afghan national airline, Ariana (subject to an operating ban within the European Community), three other local companies operate connecting Kabul with the main towns of the country, and with some regional destinations. The Azerbaijan Airlines connecting Kabul with Baku.

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