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is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department located on the northern Atlantic coast of South America. It has borders with two nations, Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km2 have a very low population density of less than three inhabitants per kilometre squared, with almost half of its 229,000 people in 2009 living in the urban area of Cayenne, its capital. The addition of the adjective "French" in English comes from colonial times when five such colonies existed (The Guianas), namely from west to east: Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá, a state in far northern Brazil). French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as the Guianas and comprise one large shield landmass. A large part of the department's economy derives from the presence of the near-equatorial Guiana Space Centre, the European Space Agency's primary launch site.

Currency Euro
Country code 00594
Spoken languages ​​ French

Passport/identity card valid for the expatriation: required. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport request, you may want to inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. EU citizens travelling to Guyana to work no longer need a residence permit.


Health services and hospitals are efficient in Cayenne and Kourou. Guyana is a malarial zone. Anti-malarial drugs is however discouraged by local doctors taking into account that there are different types of malaria. Please note also the risk of contracting dengue fever (caused by the bite of a mosquito) haemorrhagic form that sometimes, in extreme cases, can be deadly. In the case of fevers, consult a doctor or hospital before taking aspirin or derivatives contraindicated in cases of dengue fever. HIV/AIDS is widespread. As regards emergency repatriation, there are direct flights to Italy. The daily air connections are secured through France. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings We recommend that you: • prior medical opinion, hepatitis B and tetanus; • the use of insect repellents products and clothes that cover most of the body; • accommodation in rooms equipped with mosquito nets. • to take the normal precautions sanitation


The rainy season goes from April to June. Rainfall is sporadic in November and March; rains in July and August. The months from August to October are extremely hot. There are no cyclones or hurricanes, but the area is characterized by heavy storms. The average annual temperature ranges from 25-27° C to 32° C-31. Moisture in the rainy season is of 90-100%; in the dry season of 70-80%.


Licence Italiana. Insurance Rc mandatory.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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