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Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku, together accounting for ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with over 127 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents. Archaeological research indicates that people lived in Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other nations followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries victory in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Since adopting its revised constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament called the Diet. A major economic power, Japan has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military force in self-defense and peacekeeping roles. After Singapore, Japan has the lowest homicide rate (including attempted homicide) in the world. According to both UN and WHO estimates, Japan has the longest life expectancy of any country in the world. According to the UN, it has the third lowest infant mortality rate.
Capital TOKYO
Currency Yen (JPY)
Country code 00 81
Spoken languages ​​ Japanese
Passport

Passport: required, valid (as seen on it if applied). At the time of entry into the country must be in possession of return airfare. Since November 20, 2007 came into force the new immigration law that requires new control measures applicable to foreigners coming into the country (taking of fingerprints and photos of the face). These controls are excluded from certain categories of foreigners (1) Special permanent residents; 2) minors of 16 years; 3) anyone performing an activity that falls under the status of residence for diplomat or official "; 4) who is invited by the holder of a Japanese Public Administration; 5) who is indicated, with an Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice, as being equivalent to the categories referred to in point 3) or 4). For more information, also with regard to the survival of the Passport request for access in Japan, we recommend that you contact the Embassy of Japan

Health

Health care in General is very good. Local doctors and hospitals are well organized. However you experience difficulty in finding doctors and paramedics are able to speak foreign languages, English included. Costs for health care are very high, therefore it is advisable to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in another Country if necessary. In case of emergency, you can call an ambulance, composing for and from any payphone telephone number 119 (Active 24 hours on 24, also in English), communicating their data and address. Medical benefits (including emergency) are paid.

Telephony

The GSM system used in Europe is incompatible with Japanese (only work the phones last generation). However, we recommend that you verify with your mobile operator before departure. In Japan you can use the Italian SIM card hire a local cellular telephone on arrival in the country in one of the mobile shops in major airports.

Climate

The climate is temperate, with a rainy season between late May and scheduled mid-July. From September to November are frequent typhoons that may be of medium or high intensity.

Viability

Italian licence holders can lead Japan into vehicles of categories for which they are enabled by this document – to the exclusion of vehicles to transport passengers or for commercial use, the driving of motor vehicles used to transport passengers or those intended for the service of "substitute driver" – fitted with Italian licence and an official translation of the same in JapaneseTherefore, no conversion required, for a maximum period of one year from the date of entry into the country. The official translation of the help document may be issued by the Japan Automobile Federation (JAF). More details on page http://www.jaf.or.jp/e/trans_it.htm On the basis of a bilateral international agreement between Italy and Japan you can make the conversion of the Italian driving licence category B without exams after transferring their residence in Japan. Those who hold a driving licence of category B above ("ordinary" in Japan) will support a local practical examination is theoretical. Those who wish to ride a motorcycle, you can do without any examination upon request at the time of conversion, in ordinary driving licence of motorcycles. Since 10/1/2008 is not, in fact, necessary to support the practical driving test to obtain the conversion of the Italian licence-which enables driving motorcycles of cylinder capacity exceeding 400cc-accuracy Japanese driving license. Holders of driving licences, converted before 1.10.2008 without supporting the practical exam and therefore currently in possession of a valid national driving licence with Japanese guide limitation of maximum displacement motorcycles up to 400cc, can follow two distinct procedures for obtaining a driving licence-free Japanese restrictions. 1) Appear at the police station that jurisdiction will make an "assessment/exam" driving. 2) ask for the cancellation of the licence (recommended for its simplicity). To produce documentation to follow this procedure and to obtain a new licence course can be requested for drive Japanese jurisdiction. (Driver's License Testing and Issuing Center). Car insurance No insurance is not accepted. Upon his arrival in Japan, visitors should enter into short-term insurance (Jibaiseki Hoken "") and it is also prudent to take out optional insurance (Hoken "Ninni") covering any repayments exceeding limits. Vehicles imported temporarily with the Customs document The Carnet Customs transit are recognized in Japan (FIA). JAF Japan Automobile Federation, guarantees them at the Customs authorities. Driving rules Movement to the left. Hitchhiking is not permitted. Compulsory equipment Safety belts: compulsory use for the front seats of the car. The seat and restraint systems are required for children up to six years. Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory for driver and passenger. Triangle: compulsory in case of failure on the highway, not on other roads. Japanese rules state that the triangle must have each side of 50 cm and should be red and reflector. At night you must turn the emergency Flashers. Low beam: you must turn them on at night. Alcohol in blood The permitted limit of 0.3 g per liter of blood/0.15 mg per litre of exhaled air. Driving while intoxicated: is considered an offence. The driver suspected of not being sober, should be positive after the investigations, is liable to a fine and, in most cases, a prison sentence.

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