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Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, 234 kilometres (145 mi) in length, up to 80 kilometres (50 mi) in width and 10,990 square kilometres (4,243 sq mi) in area. It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola, the island harbouring the nation-states of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning the "Land of Wood and Water", or the "Land of Springs". Once a Spanish possession known as Santiago, in 1655 it became an English, and later a British, colony, known as "Jamaica". It achieved full independence on August 6, 1962. With 2.8 million people, it is the third most populous anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. It remains a Commonwealth realm in concert with the Monarchy of Jamaica holding ultimate executive power, where Queen Elizabeth II is the current head of state and Queen of Jamaica. Kingston is the country's largest city and the capital.
Capital KINGSTON
Currency Dollaro giamaicano (JMD)
Country code 001876
Spoken languages ​​ english
Passport

PASSPORT: needed, with residual validity of at least six months at the time of entry into the country. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country if present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Most healthcare facilities have been renovated in recent years and offer a discreet service in the public sector and in private clinics, both from the point of view of hygiene and professional. For some diseases requiring surgical procedures can now be carried out in the country. In the city of Kingston is the UWI hospital, specializing in Gynecology and orthopedics "Bustamante Hospital for children" Children. Throughout the country there are the "Health Centre", often very crowded, but rapid and punctual in case of small emergencies. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Most diseases are degenerative and non infectious origin. Spread those sexual origin (especially AIDS) and allergic ones affecting particularly the eyes. Present in endemic malaria and dengue mosquitoes propagated, especially during the rainy season due to the lack of drains and drainage. Local health authorities have confirmed more than 300 cases of malaria in Jamaica since November 2006 until today, found in Kingston, St. Catherine, St. Thomas and Clarendon. Those authorities, supported by international and national experts, health continue to take all necessary preventive measures to control the epidemic. It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. Warnings We recommend that you: -take the normal precautions of hygiene for use in these climates, where the water is not potable and raw vegetables are not always are disinfected before being served.

Climate

The climate is hot humid throughout the year. The rainy season runs from May to November. The months are particularly intense in May/June and October/November. Hurricane season focuses primarily between July and November.

Viability

Licence italiana. Temporary importation of vehicles Is required the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. More information at the website Driving rules Drive on the left. Transportation: there are direct scheduled flights to Jamaica, starting from Italy to make a stopover in London or Miami.

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