Germany

       
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The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state and the largest economy in the European Union. It is one of the major political powers of the European continent and a technological leader in many fields. A region named Germania, inhabited by several Germanic peoples, was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Age, the Germanic tribes expanded southward, and established successor kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation while southern and western parts remained dominated by Roman Catholic denominations, with the two factions clashing in the Thirty Years' War, marking the beginning of the Catholic–Protestant divide that has characterized German society ever since. Occupied during the Napoleonic Wars, the rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of most of the German states into the German Empire in 1871 which was Prussian dominated. After the German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the subsequent military surrender in World War I, the Empire was replaced by the Weimar Republic in 1918, and partitioned in the Versailles Treaty. Amidst the Great Depression, the Third Reich was proclaimed in 1933. The latter period was marked by Fascism and the Second World War. After 1945, Germany was divided by allied occupation, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. In 1990 Germany was reunified. Germany was a founding member of the European Community in 1957, which became the EU in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area and since 1999 a member of the eurozone. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe, and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011–2012 term. It has the world's fourth largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth largest by purchasing power parity. It is the second largest exporter and third largest importer of goods. The country has developed a very high standard of living and a comprehensive system of social security. Germany has been the home of many influential scientists and inventors, and is known for its cultural and political history.

Capital BERLIN
Currency Euro
Country code 0049
Spoken languages ​​ German official; common English, French, Russian, Spanish
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing. You need to travel with one of the two documents mentioned above to be valid anyway. The village forms part of the EU and shall accede to the Schengen Agreement. For any changes related to the survival of the passport, you should inquire in advance at the German Embassy or Consulate in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Healthcare facilities and medical staff are excellent. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. It is advisable to obtain a private health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country.

Climate

European continental, very cold in winter

Viability

Licence Italian. Car insurance It is simply the Italian insurance policy Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner, with signature notarized by the notary public. Driving rules Helmets for motorcyclists: required for both the driver and the passenger. Seat belts compulsory for the driver and all passengers. A child less than 12 years or less than 1.50 m height can travel on a car only if it is placed in an approved safety device suitable for its size The use of dipped headlights is compulsory on 12:0 am 12:0 am for 2-wheel vehicles. It is forbidden to circulate only with sidelights. The fog lights are allowed in case of fog or snow with visibility less than 50 m. Winter equipment: According to the legislation in force, applicable also to visitors, the equipment of the vehicle shall be appropriate to the conditions meterorologiche. In the case of roads with snow or ice is called winter equipment consisting of snow tires (with the initials M + S or the snowflake design); the anti-freeze in washer fluid is recommended. BAC Limit allowed: 0.05%. For young people under 21 years and newly licensed with licence for less than 2 years the limit was 0% (this applies also to foreigners) Motorway network: For cars and motorcycles is not expected. Restrictions on urban traffic From January 1, 2008 were taken by the municipal authorities of German restrictions on urban traffic in specific areas, aiming to reduce gas emissions. In limited areas can be accessed only with special permits, can be purchased on site at the authorized workshops or at local education centers of the company (eg. Dekra, GTU; KUS; TUV) responsible for registrations and control of exhaust gas emissions. In particular, for the city of Berlin from January 1, 2008 the restriction affects the circulation in the area bounded by city rail (S-Bahn Ring).

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