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officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is often referred to as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon") because of the geometric shape of its territory. It is the largest western European country and it possesses the second-largest exclusive economic zone in the world, covering 11,035,000 km2 (4,260,000 sq mi), just behind that of the United States (11,351,000 km2 / 4,383,000 sq mi). Over the past 500 years, France has been a major power with strong cultural, economic, military and political influence in Europe and around the world. During the 17th and 18th centuries, France colonised great parts of North America and Southeast Asia; during the 19th and early 20th centuries, France built the second largest colonial empire of the time, including large portions of North, West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and many Caribbean and Pacific Islands. France has its main ideals expressed in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The French Republic is defined as indivisible, secular, democratic and social by its constitution. France is one of the world's most developed countries, it possesses the world's fifth largest economy measured by GDP, the ninth-largest economy measured by purchasing power parity and is Europe's second largest economy by nominal GDP. France is the wealthiest European (and the world's 4th) nation in aggregate household wealth. France enjoys a high standard of living as well as a high public education level, and has also one of the world's highest life expectancies. France has been listed as the world's "best overall health care" provider by the World Health Organization. It is the most visited country in the world, receiving 82 million foreign tourists annually. France has the world's third largest nominal military budget, the third largest military in NATO and EU's largest army. France also possesses the third largest nuclear weapons stockpile in the world – with around 300 active warheads as of 25 May 2010 – and the world's second largest diplomatic corps (second only to that of the United States). France is a founding member of the United Nations, one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, and a member of the Francophonie, the G8, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, and the Latin Union. It is also a founding and leading member state of the European Union and the largest one by area. In 2011, France was listed 20th on the Human Development Index and 24th on the Corruption Perceptions Index (2010).

Capital Paris
Currency Euro
Country code 0033
Spoken languages ​​ French
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing: you must travel with a non-expired document. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The situation regarding health is excellent. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance.

Information

Association Française des Automobilistes 14 avenue de la Grande Armée 75008 Paris Tel.: (33) 1-56892070 Fax: (33) 1-47203723 Web site: www.automobileclub.org

Climate

The climate is generally temperate. However, for the ocean and continental influences, Mediterranean, France offers a great diversity of climatic gradients. CORSICA: mild Mediterranean Climate along the coasts; inside the climate varies with increasing altitude until reaching Alpine microclimates in the mountains, where there are frequent rains and winter snow is lingering above 1,200-1,500 m. Corsica is subject to strong winds and particular prudence is required to sailors. Especially in the eastern regions temperatures can be very strict, with snowfall too intense and the formation of ice on the roads. On the site www.meteo-en-france.com you can have updated forecasts on weather situation and the risks posed to any atmospheric circulation throughout the French territory.

Viability

Licence: Italian Car insurance: the insurance is valid without need of Italian green card. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules It is mandatory, as in Italy, having on board the vehicle a reflector vest and a warning triangle. Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory for driver and passenger of a moped or a motorcycle. Safety belts: wear them is mandatory in private cars, for both the driver and all passengers who occupy a seat that is equipped with. The driver has the responsibility to ensure that all passengers are less than 18 years connected up the belts or other restraint systems. The use of seat belts is mandatory in coaches and also in over weight coach 3.5 t are gifted. Child: a child under 10 years cannot travel in the front seat unless all rear seats are occupied by other children less than 10 years, or where the rear seats are not fitted with seatbelts. Thus, there is an obligation to do that travel with a child restraint system or with a car seat approved and appropriate to its size; This rule also applies to vehicles registered abroad. The rules in this regard include a reclining seat for a child weighing less than 13 kg (or a sunbed to ship for children weighing less than 10 kg); a wrap-around seat or safety harness for children weighing from 9 to 18 kg; and finally, starting from those of 15 kg of weight until the age of 10 years, combined with a rialzante seat belt, or harness. You may not place a child in the seat reclining front seat if the vehicle is equipped with "air-bag" unless this is disabled. Lights: we recommend the use of headlamps during the day lights for even greater visibility, both inside and outside the population centers. For motorcycles, the use of dipped headlights is compulsory both at night than during the day. It is also required for mopeds registered after July 1, 2004. Snow chains: the vehicles in circulation on snowy roads must be equipped with snow chains or winter tires when the signals indicate the obligation. Failure to comply may result in a fine. BAC: allowable limit is 0.05% except for drivers of buses and trucks for which this limit is reduced to 0.02%. The police may ask any driver of a vehicle to undergo a breath test. The test is required in the event of an accident causing injury or serious offence. If the test is positive, the driver must undergo a breathalyzer or blood test. If the test is positive or if the driver refuses to perform the test, the police can immediately withdraw his licence. Highways: the toll you pay at the gate (as in Italy) in cash or by credit card. Toll rates at: www.autoroutes.fr/preparez-votre-voyage/itineraires.html Limitations on movement for heavy trucks: see the following link: www.confetra.it (CONFETRA); www.bison-fute.equipement.gouv.fr (Bison Futè) Information about traffic and travel conditions: Centre National d'informations Routières (C.N.I.R.): tel. 0033 892 022022 0826 or 687888 (payment); www.bison-fute.equipement.gouv.fr site. LPG availability sites: www.cfbp.fr, stations.gpl.online.fr Internal transport CORSICA Transport in General: Corse-du-Sud (Ajaccio): website of the Office Municipal du Tourisme Ajaccio: www.ajaccio-tourisme.com section "ottima" Upper Corsica (Bastia): website of the Office Municipal du Tourisme de Bastia: www.bastia-tourisme.com section "transports". For other places www.italconsulbastia.org "tourism in Corsica" section: "Where information for the Organization of your stay in Corsica". Avoid camping In Corsica, banned in many areas and generally frowned upon. Inquire at the maritime authority (Affaires Maritimes) present in the ports, on the regulations in force for navigation and fishing; There are heavy penalties for violators.

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