Finland

       
The Oulu City Hall in Oulu, Finland

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officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland. Around 5.4 million people reside in Finland, with the majority concentrated in the southern region. It is the eighth largest country in Europe in terms of area and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in Helsinki and local governments in 336 municipalities. A total of about one million residents live in the Greater Helsinki area (which includes Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa), and a third of the country's GDP is produced there. Other larger cities include Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyväskylä, Lahti and Kuopio. Finland was historically a part of Sweden from the 12th to 19th century, and from 1809–1917 was an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire. The Finnish Declaration of Independence from Russia in 1917 was followed by a civil war in which the leftist side was defeated with German support. Finland fought World War II as essentially three separate conflicts: the Winter War (1939–1940), the Continuation War (1941–1944), and the Lapland War (1944–1945). Finland joined the United Nations in 1955, the OECD in 1969, the European Union in 1995, and the eurozone at its inception in 1999. Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. Thereafter, economic development was rapid. Finland built an extensive welfare state and balanced between the East and the West in global economics and politics. With the best educational system in Europe, Finland has recently ranked as one of the world's most peaceful, competitive and livable countries.

Capital HELSINKI
Currency euro
Country code 00358
Spoken languages ​​ Finnish, Swedish
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing. For Italian citizens, the documents required for entry into Finland have Italian passport or identity card valid for the expatriation of Italian, both being of validity and expiration date exceeds the period of stay in the country. In some cases (identity verification for payment with credit cards in shops, conducting bank transactions or transfers, etc.) is required to show your Passport. The village forms part of the EU and shall accede to the Schengen Agreement.

Health

medical facilities are excellent. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM). It is advisable to take out a private health insurance that includes in addition to cover any medical expenses also repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country

Telephony

The GSM 900 and 1800 MHz covering the whole country.

Climate

The average temperature is from October to April: min. -max +4 2. The average temperature from May to September is: min. +10 max +15.

Viability

Licence Italiana. Car insurance For the Italians do not need green card: national policy is sufficient. Vehicles imported temporarily without customs documents Motor vehicles can be imported temporarily tax-free for 6 months for every period of 12 months without formalities. Anyone intending to stay in Finland over 6 months of that period must contact the local Customs Office for an extension before the expiry of 6 months. Delegation to conduct Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Since 1 January 2008, the number of passengers transported in a vehicle shall not exceed the number indicated on the registration certificate. In the town the streets are clean a certain day of the week. Panels indicate the day should not leave parked the vehicle otherwise the vehicle will be removed. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: the driver and passenger of a motorcycle with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cm3 must have at least 15 years of age and wear helmets. Safety belts, child seat: it is compulsory to wear seatbelts in both the front seat occupants and for those of the rear seats. The rule is applicable to visitors if their vehicle is equipped with seat belts. Anyone who is exempt from wearing seat belts for health reasons must be in possession of a certificate that proves, accompanied by a translation into Finnish. A child of lower stature to 1.35 m. traveling on a car, a truck or a truck, must be seated on the seat or secured to a retention system adapted to its size. Failing that, a child of 3 years or higher must travel on a backseat assured a seat belt or other system of retention. If the child is under the age of 3 years, he is not allowed to travel in a vehicle is not fitted with a system adapted to its size, except for a taxi. Signal lights, hazard triangle: all motor vehicles shall be equipped with warning triangle stationary. If the arrest of the vehicle occurs outside of a city in a place where the visibility is reduced, the triangle should be placed behind the vehicle at a distance sufficient. It is forbidden to move the position while it is being used. Danger signal lights may be used only in cases where the arrest of the vehicle is due to accident or breakdown where this may represent a danger to other users. Tires: The minimum depth of the profile tyre is 3 mm for snow tyres and 1.6 mm for tyres. The use of snow tires is mandatory from 1 December to end of February is for vehicles registered in Finland and for those registered abroad. Mirrors: cars with caravan trailer shall be fitted with 2 mirrors. Lighting: headlights fog are not mandatory but if you use should be in number two. Their use is allowed in case of fog, heavy rain or snowfall. In these circumstances, can replace the position lamps are switched on unless the main-beam headlamps simultaneously. Every motor vehicle shall use the position lights and low beam, inside and outside of towns, both day and night, all year round. Spiked tires for snow chains The spiked tyres can be used throughout the country from 1° November till Easter Monday. Should be mounted on all wheels. There are no special speed limit for vehicles so equipped Motor vehicles registered in Finland or abroad, must be equipped with snow tyres from 1 December to the last day of February. Snow chains can be used when the State of the road. Drivers must avoid damage to the roads. BAC Limit allowed: 0.05%. Tracking Test The police has the right to perform the breath test or blood on drivers taken at random. The penalties for driving under the influence of vary depending on your net monthly income. It's possible imprisonment. The magistrate may order the withdrawal of the licence up to 5 years for dangerous driving or driving under the influence of alcoholic or narcotic substances. It should be noted that the withdrawal of the licence applies to both Finnish licence-holders both in respect of holders of driving licence issued in an EU Country. Motorway network Motorways are free Transportation: excellent in General

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