Philippines

       
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park

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is a sovereign country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest lies between the country and the island of Borneo, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea. Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and its tropical climate make the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons but have also endowed the country with natural resources and made it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. An archipelago comprising 7,107 islands, the Philippines is categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Its capital city is Manila. With an estimated population of about 94 million people, the Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country. An additional 11 million Filipinos live overseas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples who brought with them influences from Malay, Hindu, and Islamic societies. Trade introduced Chinese cultural influences which remain to this day. The Philippines has been part of several empires: the Spanish Empire during the age of Imperialism, the United States after the Spanish-American War of 1898, and the Japanese Empire during World War II, until the official Philippine independence in 1945. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Miguel López de Legazpi arrived in the Philippines in 1565 and consolidated Spanish rule in the islands, which remained a colony of Spain for more than 300 years. Manila became the Asian hub of the Manila–Acapulco galleon fleet. Christianity was widely adopted. As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the Philippine Revolution, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic; the Spanish-American War; and the Philippine–American War. In the aftermath, the United States emerged as the dominant power. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until the end of World War II when the Philippines gained independence. The United States bequeathed to the Philippines the English language and a stronger affinity for Western culture. Since independence the Philippines has had an often tumultuous experience with democracy, with popular "people power" movements overthrowing a dictatorship in one instance but also underlining the institutional weaknesses of its constitutional republic in others.

Capital MANILA
Currency Peso filippino (PHP)
Country code 0063
Spoken languages ​​ Filipino and English
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months upon arrival in the country.

Health

The quality of public health is adequate in large centres, while peripheral areas is poor. Higher level are private structures, especially in major centres, although of high cost. Clinics is still supposed to be ensured the availability of financial support for patient hospitalization expenses, without which even in cases of grave emergency assistance is paid. The range of sanitary products available is quite comprehensive and you have the option to subscribe to a health insurance policy in place. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Returns may be more complex if you need to perform from outlying areas of the country, difficult to reach and that make them difficult communications with the Embassy, while major cities do not have problems.

Information

Automobile Association Philippines (AAP) 683 Aurora Boulevard 1112 Quezon City P.O.Box 999 Manila Tel. (0063 2) 7230808 Fax 7265878 e-mail: aaphils@greendot.com.ph

Climate

tropical-Equatorial with temperatures ranging between +25 and +40 degrees throughout the course of the year with a high moisture content. The climate in the dry season (December to April) is more temperate and less frequent rainfall. during the rainy season (May to November) is still more humid, with daily and copious rainfall. Throughout the year are possible typhoons, resulting in flooding and blockage of the circulation.

Viability

Italian license (up to 3 months) with Spanish translation issued by the Embassy. Transport in General The quality of land transport and Maritime Affairs is somewhat lacking (roads, obsolete vehicles, number of passengers). You should not travel during the monsoon season (June to November), when you can be blocked for bad weather conditions. There are, however, numerous agencies who lease cars (with driver) for a daily fee of about 100 US dollars. Sufficiently developed are aviation, while recourse to private companies, which use small aircraft, must be considered with caution on a case by case. The city has recommended the use of taxi, however to moderate rates than those practiced in Italy, while va avoided the use of public transport. Take care when crossing the road as motorists do not respect the pedestrian and many are not insured. Links with Europe There are no direct flights with Italy. Several companies connect however Manila to major European capitals (eg. KLM, Cathay Pacific, Emirates, Thai Airways, Qatar, etc.).

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