Eritrea

       
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is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name Ἐρυθραίᾱ (Erythraíā), meaning "red [land]". The capital is Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeast and east of the country has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Eritrea's size is approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi) with an estimated population of 6 million.

Capital ASMARA
Currency Nakfa (ERN)
Country code 00291
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic, Italian and English
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of more than six months from the date of entry (one year in case you need to apply for an entry visa for work). Italian citizens who also hold citizenship of eritrea, where remains in the country for a period for over a year, is considered a citizen resident by local authorities and, therefore, subject to the obligations of military service, provided for men from 18 to 40 (up to 55 years in certain cases) and for women from 18 to 30 years.

Health

The Eritrean health care system lacks facilities and infrastructure and an adequate level of medical and paramedical training. Hospitals don't always have up-to-date diagnostic and surgical equipment. The hospitalization is recommended only in cases of extreme urgency. The availability of medicines is poor. We recommend that you bring a supply of essential medicines and first aid. It is recommended to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Please note that permissions to health and repatriation in the event of flight flight line, are subject to special authorization from Eritrean authorities and may entail long waiting times. Please note that any repatriation in Italy, which is necessary in cases of emergency, must occur through airliners, not available everyday. If you intend to reach areas of Eastern and Western lowlands, it is recommended that you always, behind medical opinion, anti-malarial drugs and the use of repellents for insects and mosquitoes. On the plateau, which lies at an average altitude of 2,300 m s.l.m., it is not necessary to run an anti-malarial. Please note that you can contract in the lowlands "Dengue". In this case you should consult a physician before taking aspirin or derivatives as contraindicated in case of dengue. Are invited to consult the "Focus" on the home page of this site regarding preventive measures against mosquito bites. You can also get information and updates on countries where there have been cases of "swine" flu (H1N1 virus) and advice for travellers. Warnings Recommended vaccinations, after consulting doctor: hepatitis A and B, tetanus and the travellers receive typhoid. You may also want to: -do not consume raw vegetables (except those previously sterilized); -drink only bottled water and without adding ice (including beverages). Staying in, due to the altitude, it can be dangerous for travelers with heart disease and severe breathing problems.

Telephony

There is a local mobile network (Eritel) that only works in major cities (Asmara, Massawa, Mendefera, Keren, Decamere). Along the roads connecting the Country there are large areas devoid of cover. The activation of the contract for mobile telephony is reserved for residents. There are "Internet Point" whose connections, using the local telephone network, are very slow.

Climate

There are major differences between the climate and the lowland plateau. On the plateau (Asmara) the climate is generally spring, the annual average temperature does not exceed 20°/25° C in the periods and during the hottest hours. The summer season (July – September) coincides with the season of the big rain and in the winter (November – February) the weather is dry and the temperature in the evening hours, can descend up to 2° c. There is also a small rainy period between April and may ultimately anticipated in March. In the eastern lowlands (Massawa) the climate is humid and warm temperatures in summer (July-August) regularly exceed 40° c. The average yearly temperature is around 30° c. The great rains start in late October and lasting until February. The Western lowland (Barentu, Eritrea) is subject to strong thermal excursions, with daily temperatures ranging from over 40° C in summer to maximum 20° C minimum of in winter. The climate is dry and the rains are rare. High temperatures – even beyond the 50° C – are scorching and finally recorded in the regions of the Sahel and the danakil (Assab).

Viability

Licence: the Italian licence can be used at the local transport Ministry to request a temporary driving permit, which varies depending on the medium that you intend to conduct (motorcycles, cars, etc.). Car insurance: it is present in the country one State insurance company. Transport: airlines operating in Eritrea are as follows: "LUFTHANSA", via Frankfurt, (flight duration varies depending on the final destination, from 12 to 14 hours); EGYPT AIR, via Cairo, (the journey time is 8-10 hours; "ERITREAN AIRLINES" operates a direct flight to Rome (the duration of the flight is about 6 hours). Currently the use of diesel is rationed, market. If you are addressing long journeys in advance it is necessary to contact the travel agencies in place to make sure you have the fuel needed.

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