United Arab Emirates

       
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United Arab Emirates is a country situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran. The UAE is a federation of seven emirates (equivalent to principalities), each governed by a hereditary emir, with a single national president. The constituent emirates are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain. The capital is Abu Dhabi, which is also the state's center of political, industrial, and cultural activities. Prior to independence in 1971, the UAE was known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman, in reference to a 19th-century truce between the local sheikhs, hereditary rulers of the territories, and the United Kingdom. The term Pirate Coast was also used by some to refer to the emirates from the 18th to the early 20th century, owing to the preponderance of pirates operating from Emirati ports. The UAE's political system, is based on its 1971 Constitution, which is composed of several intricately connected governing bodies. As a federation of seven monarchies, whose rulers retain absolute power within their emirates, but with a UAE president, it is neither a constitutional monarchy nor a republic. The emirs choose one of their members to be the president of the federation, but this does not alter the monarchical character of the government of the individual emirates. The constitution is concerned solely with the relations between the emirates as members of the federation, and does not prescribe a constitutional system of government. Islam is the official religion of the UAE, and Arabic is the official language. UAE oil reserves are ranked as the world's sixth-largest and it possesses one of the most developed economies in West Asia. It is the thirty-fifth-largest economy at market exchange rates, and ranks among the world's wealthiest nations with per capita GDP (PPP) of US$48,597. It is 15th in purchasing power per capita and has a relatively high Human Development Index for the Asian continent, ranking thirtieth globally. The UAE is classified as a high-income developing economy by the IMF.

Many emirates have established museums of regional repute, most famously Sharjah with its Heritage District containing 17 museums, which in 1998 was the Cultural Capital of the Arab World. Abu Dhabi's cultural foundation is also an important place for the presentation of indigenous and foreign art. In Dubai, the area of Al Quoz has attracted a number of art galleries as well as museums such as the Salsali Private Museum.

Abu Dhabi has embarked on the path to become an art center of international caliber, by creating a culture district on Saadiyat Island. There, six grand projects are planned: the Sheikh Zayed National Museum by Foster + Partners, the modern art museum Guggenheim Abu Dhabi to be built by Frank Gehry, the classical museum Louvre Abu Dhabi by Jean Nouvel, a maritime museum by Tadao Ando, a Performing Arts Center by Zaha Hadid, and a Biennale Park with 16 pavilions.
Dubai also plans to build a Kunsthal museum and a district for galleries and artists.

2009 saw the UAE’s first pavilion at the Venice Biennale, one of the top cultural events in Europe. The pavilion was called ‘It’s Not You, It’s Me’ and was designed to offer a playful and provocative look at what has been described as the world’s most prestigious contemporary art event. This was the first occasion on which a country from the Persian Gulf has taken part in the Biennale.
Capital ABU DHABI
Currency Dirham (AED)
Country code 00971
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic, English
Passport

Passport: needed and with residual validity of at least six months at the time of travel. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport request, you may want to inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

La situazione sanitaria in generale è buona. Nel Paese operano numerose cliniche, soprattutto private, all'avanguardia per mezzi e personale. Nessuna difficoltà per i rimpatri di emergenza essendo il Paese servito da 4 aeroporti internazionali. Le spese sanitarie o quelle per un eventuale rimpatrio sono a carico dell’interessato. Pertanto si consiglia di stipulare, prima di intraprendere il viaggio, un'assicurazione sanitaria che preveda, oltre alla copertura delle spese mediche, anche l'eventuale rimpatrio aereo sanitario o il trasferimento in altro Paese. Non sono segnalate epidemie. Avvertenze In considerazione del clima, che in alcuni periodi (giugno-ottobre) dell’anno registra temperature molto elevate si consiglia di adottare le misure preventive igienico - alimentari del caso.

Climate

crossed by the Tropic of cancer, the country has a predominantly arid climate, with high temperatures, high temperature and humidity that exceed 90%. During the summer period (June-October) there are values between 35 and 50 degrees. In winter the temperature drops down to more acceptable levels: 20-35 degrees during the day and not less than 15 degrees at night. Precipitation is very rare and, in coastal and low-lying areas and mountain regions, and 4.2, respectively 15 cm per year.

Viability

Licence International Geneva Convention 1949 model. Starting from January 2008 is accepted also the International driving licence model 1968 Vienna Convention. Car insurance Mandatory. Temporary importation of vehicles Is required the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily.

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