Egypt

       
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Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of its territory of 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi) lies within North Africa and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, and the 15th most populated in the world. The great majority of its over 84 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern state, having been continuously inhabited since the 10th millennium BC. Its monuments, such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx, were constructed by its ancient civilization, which was one of the most advanced of its time. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest. Egypt's rich cultural legacy, as well as the attraction of its Red Sea Riviera, has made tourism a vital part of the economy, employing about 12% of the country's workforce.

The economy of Egypt is one of the most diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and services at almost equal production levels. Egypt is considered to be a middle power, with significant cultural, political, and military influence in the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the Muslim world.

Tourism is one of the most important sectors in Egypt's economy. More than 12.8 million tourists visited Egypt in 2008, providing revenues of nearly $11 billion. The sector employs about 12% of Egypt's workforce.
Capital IL CAIRO
Currency Lira egiziana (Egyptian Pound)
Country code 0020
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic
Passport

Passaporto/carta d’identità: si informa che, le Autorità di frontiera egiziane consentono l’ingresso nel Paese con i seguenti documenti: - passaporto con validità residua di almeno sei mesi alla data di arrivo nel Paese; - solo per turismo, carta d'identità cartacea o elettronica valida per l’espatrio con validità residua di sei mesi, accompagnata da due foto formato tessera necessarie per ottenere il visto che si richiede alle locali Autorità di frontiera all’arrivo nel Paese (in mancanza delle foto NON viene rilasciato il visto di ingresso), si raccomanda pertanto di munirsi delle foto prima della partenza.

Health

Health situation. In Cairo, Alexandria and in major tourist resorts (Sharm el Sheikh, Hurghada, Luxor, etc.) there are hospitals that can be considered satisfactory, contrary to what happens in the rest of the country. In the capital there are good private health structures, with high costs. For accidents related to diving in the Red Sea hospitals some of the main tourist spots dispose of hyperbaric. However, since they are not always easy to reach in a short time from all places where diving, we recommend the utmost caution and check in advance the location of the closest hyperbaric chamber, making sure that the tour organizers are ready to handle any emergencies. New possible cases are reported in Particular The countrymen who wish to travel to Egypt is advised, incidentals, consuming meat and birds ' eggs and poultry only if well cooked and to avoid any form of direct contact with poultry and birds live or dead. For further instructions please see the brochure "avian influenza: risk, information and preventive measures" To FOCUS health security "entry" on the home page of this site. In Egypt had registered numerous cases of influenza A/H1N1 in the course of the winter season 2010. The Egyptian authorities had taken measures of border health control (detection temperature) on incoming passengers. Passengers arriving at ports and airports with a temperature equal to or exceeding 38 degrees were isolated and subject to controls at public health facilities. Compatriot consider taking before undertaking the journey, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other Country. Cases of hepatitis are quite common throughout the country. We recommend that you thoroughly wash foods (especially fruits and vegetables) and particular attention to the hygienic conditions of the places where you consume meals. It is also advisable to drink only bottled water and bottled drinks without adding ice. Is high risk of "traveler's diarrhea". We recommend caution in consuming uncooked foods or inadequately kept and drinks. In severe cases, in addition to the normal liquid recovery, it may be necessary to use specific drugs that reduce diarrhea and/or vomiting. The spread of diseases such as hepatitis A and B, tetanus and typhoid fever, requires prior written medical opinion, its vaccination. Some cases of hemorrhagic fever are reported sporadically in the area of the Nile delta. An outbreak of Rift Valley fever has been confirmed during the month of September 2003 in the rural area of Seedy-Salim (governorate of Kafr Al-Sheikh) approximately 135 miles north of Cairo. Other possible viral forms are leptospirosis and dengue. For information and advice, consult the appropriate FOCUS to the heading "safety on the home page of this site." Generally in tourist areas and major cities of the country (Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Luxor, Cairo, etc.), the control of vectors and animal carriers of these diseases (mosquitoes, rats, cows, camels etc.) is carried out by local and national authorities, while the chances of infection are almost non-existent. Well anyway and use suitable repellent for insects. In the last two years there have been rare cases of meningitis which led to death some tourists. However there is no confirmation that this disease has been contracted in the country. Finally, to avoid contracting bilharzia, is discouraged, bathing in fresh water (rivers, canals, lakes etc.). We recommend, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, rabies, tetanus, typhoid fever, measles, polio and those against leishmaniasis, filariasis, Rift Valley fever. Remains high the degree of air pollution in the capital that can exceed in some periods than a hundred times the maximum level established by the World Health Organisation. This phenomenon aggravates in nil-wind conditions and occurs particularly in autumn, creating problems for persons suffering from shortness of breath especially to children and the elderly.

Telephony

Widespread and well-functioning mobile, entrusted to private (Vodafone and Mobinil and Etisalat). The introduction in Egypt of a mobile phone for personal use is not subject to any formalities. Typically Italian phones receive regularly in Egypt, but it is good to check before departure with your manager.

Climate

Dry hot climate with mild winter. During the summer, the average maximum temperature is 36 degrees, while the minimum amount to 22 degrees. The warmest month is July, with highs above 40 degrees also. In winter, maximum temperatures average amounted to 19 degrees, while the minimum is 10 degrees. The coldest month is January, with temperatures ranging between 8 and 18 degrees.

Viability

Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model or Vienna 1968). Car insurance The third party insurance is mandatory for residents and visitors. The coverage must be unlimited. Short-term insurance Anyone who is not insured with an insurance recognised in Egypt, you will have to put in contact with the insurance company Misr, National company of Egypt, the Arab International Insurance Co. or the company Al-Cherno more, to contract an insurance for the duration of his stay in Egypt. This insurance can be purchased at the border. Temporary importation of vehicles The carnet is required by Customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Driving rules Guide to the right. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists. Triangle: mandatory also for motorcycles. BAC Limit: there is a limit imposed by law. However, if a driver causes an accident for driving while intoxicated, may be prosecuted.

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