Croatia

       
National Park Plitvice Lakes (Croatia), Canyon, Lower Lakes

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Croatia is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The country's population is 4.29 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism. In the early 7th century the Croats arrived in area of present-day Croatia. They organised the state into two dukedoms by the 9th century. Tomislav became the first king by 925 AD, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of Kings Peter Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was included in the short-lived State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs that declared independence from Austria–Hungary and co-founded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. A Croatian state briefly existed during World War II as a fascist puppet state. After the war, Croatia became a founding member and a federal constituent of the Second Yugoslavia, a socialist state. In June 1991, Croatia declared independence, which came into effect on 8 October of the same year. The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration. Croatia today has a comparatively very high life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living and income equality, and it ranks high among Central European nations in terms of education, health, quality of life and economic dynamism. The International Monetary Fund classified Croatia as an emerging and developing economy, and the World Bank identified it as a high income economy. Croatia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization, CEFTA and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Croatia is an acceding state of the European Union, with full membership expected in July 2013. As an active participant in the UN peacekeeping forces, Croatia has contributed troops to the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008–2009 term. The service sector dominates Croatia's economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism is a significant source of revenue during the summer, with Croatia ranked the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world. The state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatia's most important trading partner. Since 2000, the Croatian government has invested in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors. Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy in Croatia; the rest is imported. Croatia provides a universal health care system and free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and through corporate investments in media and publishing. The nation prides itself in its cultural, artistic and scientific contributions to the world, as well as in its cuisine, wines and sporting achievements.
Capital ZAGABRIA
Currency Kuna (HRK)
Country code 00385
Spoken languages ​​ Croatian, Italian
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing: You must travel with a valid identification (passport or identity card valid for the expatriation). The survival of the Passport request is ninety (90) days from the scheduled date of termination of the stay. Please note that are considered valid documents for entry into Croatia also the identity card paper with application of stamp on the back and the electronic identity card, including one whose validity has been extended by extension certificate paper. Please note that in the past have been reported difficulties in recognition of printed identity cards renewed with stamp and, sometimes, rejections for holders of electronic identity cards renewed with a certificate issued by the municipality. It confirms, however, that such identity cards renewed Croat authorities are recognized as valid documents for entry into the country. If you experience such problems, please immediately contact the consular section of the Embassy of Italy in Zagreb, the Consulate-General of Italy in Rijeka or the Consulate of Italy in split, at the addresses listed on this site.

Health

Health care appears to be decent. As regards public health, Croatia has no particular risks, not riscontrandosi neither the presence of outbreaks of contagious diseases or particular pollution phenomena. There are, in some cases, shortages of materials, structures and medications. Product names do not correspond to those Italians often. It is good, therefore, carry with them the information leaflets of the medication that you need in order to allow the local doctor and pharmacist to identify the active substance. Please note that antibiotics given intramuscularly can be administered only in hospitals or, from outside, by medical personnel. For the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety or ' need of medical records and prescription, to avoid possible requisitions of such type of drugs at border crossings. There are no endemic diseases, however in the woods you should protect yourself against tick bites that can cause meningitis. The 1° November 2003 entered into force, the bilateral Convention (Italy-Croatia) on social security. Under this agreement, the Italians in their short stays will get free healthcare (limited for emergency cases only), must apply before leaving the "form 111 EN" to your ASL, which will be exhibited at the Croatian health authorities. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings and suggestions: It suggests, for any kidney ailments, avoid using tap water, drinking, although in many parts of Croatia is high limestone. It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site.

Telephony

It is this phone coverage on Croatian territory.

Information

Automobile Club Hrvatski Autoklub (HAK) Avenija Dubrovnik 4410010 Zagreb Tel.: +385 1 6611999 Fax: 6623111 e mail mailto:hak@hak.hr internet www.hak.hr

Climate

The climate is continental with strong thermal excursions; Mediterranean climate on the coast.

Viability

Rules of the road: the new highway code provides for sanctions and restrictive rules stricter than the previous code. With particular rigidity are applied sanctions for failing to comply with traffic regulations, especially along the coast, the Zagreb-Split route and the access roads to the main cities of the country (the always fasten seat belts and lights low beam always on even during the day). The fines are high and in case of refusal of payment of same, are first withdrawn documents and shortly after is celebrated a process. For some offences and in all cases of accidents that cause injuries to people – or even just for material damage is expected to be relevant – an appearance before the criminal judge or administrative. This may involve pre-trial detention as well as the temporary withdrawal of passport. The fines are high for the parking of motor homes in unauthorized places. Mandatory equipment: Travellers on a moped or a motorcycle must wear a helmet; It is forbidden to carry a child under 12 years old on a motorcycle. All occupants of a vehicle must wear seatbelts; a child less than 12 years may travel in the front seat of a vehicle, with the exception of one child up to 2 years old placed in the appropriate seat. You must travel day and night with low-beam headlamps switched on. You must have a complete spare bulbs, a first-aid box and the triangle. Commercial vehicles must have a fire extinguisher on board. Is required to have on board a waistcoat-reflectorized band conforms to EN 471-to wear out from the vehicle. Snow tires and chains: it is recommended that you have snow tires or chains on board from the beginning of November to the end of April; the obligation to fit chains is signaled by a cartel. Alcohol in blood Following the revision of legislation prepared by the Constitutional Court of Croatia in April 2010, in the field of alcohol permitted for driving vehicles, it is established that, in Croatia, it is allowed to drive with a BAC of less than 0.5 per thousand. It is prohibited to drive after taking drugs. Motorway network Motorways are toll and the toll is to be paid in cash (euro) or by credit card. Links with Europe: a daily scheduled flight linking Rome with a stopover in Zagreb by Split or Dubrovnik (Dubrovnik). From March 2010 the Croatian national airline has introduced direct flights on the Zagreb-Rome (mainly in summer). There are also direct flights from Dubrovnik (Dubrovnik)-Venice (www.croatiaairlines.com) There are several sea links between the two shores of the Adriatic. The road links with the rest of Europe are good. Internal links: road links are generally good. Have been completed and new sections of motorway linking Zagreb with Rijeka and split. Along the coast, the actual times are approximate distances and higher there are numerous accidents. Rail links are insufficient, while the airport links between Zagreb and the Dalmatian cities are good. In the area of Neum (South coast of Croatia), there is a stretch of road, approximately 20 kilometres, in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For the transit of vehicles from the North coast of Croatia there is a dedicated lane to go south in Croatian territory.

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