Cote d'Ivoire

       
Abidjan

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Cote d'Ivoire is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322,462 square kilometres (124,503 sq mi), and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country's population was 15,366,672 in 1998 and was estimated to be 20,617,068 in 2009. Côte d'Ivoire's first national census in 1975 counted 6.7 million inhabitants. Prior to its colonization by Europeans, Côte d'Ivoire was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after Côte d'Ivoire's independence. An 1843–1844 treaty made Côte d'Ivoire a protectorate of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa. Côte d'Ivoire became independent on 7 August 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny. It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West, especially to France. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule, Côte d'Ivoire has experienced one coup d’état, in 1999, and a civil war, which broke out in 2002. A political agreement between the government and the rebels brought a return to peace. Côte d'Ivoire is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President. Its de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port city of Abidjan. The country is divided into 19 regions and 81 departments. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, African Union, La Francophonie, Latin Union, Economic Community of West African States and South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone. The official language is French, although many of the local languages are widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic) and various indigenous religions. Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. However, Côte d'Ivoire went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country's period of political and social turmoil. The 21st century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash crop production being dominant.
Capital YAMOUSSOUKRO
Currency Franco CFA
Country code 00225
Spoken languages ​​ French
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months upon arrival in the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Private medical facilities in Abidjan are good although very expensive and require pre-payment of care. Public facilities are very poor and poorly. In Abidjan, but also in the rest of the country, there are numerous pharmacies equipped with mostly French medicines. You must, however, obtain, prior to departure, essential medicines, as, by reason of the current socio-political crisis, there may be difficulties to find them on the local market. Is absolutely necessary before embarking on your trip, health insurance, as well as providing coverage of medical expenses, repatriation medical air emergency or transfer in any other country. The diseases endemic level are different: malaria is spread over the entire territory and in some cases is particularly severe and resistant to chlorine quinine. Prophylaxis is recommended but is not effective in all cases. Therefore, you should, before travelling, consult an expert in tropical medicine doctor and take medicine to combat malaria in the case of infection. Are recommended, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against meningitis, cholera, typhoid, tetanus, tuberculosis, hepatitis A and B, in addition to anti-malarial drugs. There are numerous endemic diseases, especially in rural areas (cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis, etc.). Widespread HIV/AIDS, especially among the young population and urban environments. Local health authorities have confirmed-in early 2011-spread in some neighbourhoods of Abidjan a cholera epidemic did register numerous cases with some fatalities. It is recommended, therefore, to comply with hygienic/sanitary measures and appropriate food. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -disinfect with mercury chromium or other disinfectant in wounds and, if you were vaccinated against tetanus, to use the serum inoculations; -make use of repellents and wearing clothes that cover most of the body especially during evening and night hours outdoors; -eat cooked meat, vegetables and fruit well washed and disinfected; -drinking water and bottled drinks without ice, add; -adopt measures sanitation and food appropriate given the presence of typhoid and cholera endemic level; -avoid swimming in fresh water and/or stagnant; -avoid walking barefoot on the beach; -avoid contact with birds and visiting farms and markets due to the presence of avian influenza cases. Because of the risk of food poisoning linked to the presence of toxic residues of oil origin in certain areas of the city of Abidjan, you should avoid the consumption of fruits and vegetables of dubious provenance and prefer imported products readily available in conventional distribution channels. In any case, we do not recommend bathing in the lagoon waters.

Telephony

the cellular network is active on almost the entire Ivorian territory.

Climate

Climate is typically tropical, with constant high humidity (90-95%). From late April to late July's climate is characterized by great season: rain, overcast skies and sudden heavy rains accompanied by wind (average temperature of 26/28 degrees during the day and 23/24 degrees at night). In August the temperature increases (28/30 degrees) and the rains are less frequent then resume in September and October (small rainy season). By November the temperature continues to rise until it reaches the 35/36 degrees during the months of March and April. The months of December & January are characterized by the Harmattan (desert wind) that determines a more dry and sunny climate and a greater lowering of temperature during the night hours.

Viability

Car insurance Liability insurance and "card". Temporary importation of vehicles Is required the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Driving rules: sense of movement to the right, overtake on the left

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Languages: English - Italiano

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