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is a sovereign state in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. It is described in a 1948 U.N. resolution as the only lawful government in Korea. The name "Korea" is derived from Goryeo, a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages. Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea to the south. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone with a predominantly mountainous terrain. It covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of almost 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 9,794,304. Archaeological findings show that the Korean Peninsula was occupied by the Lower Paleolithic period. Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC by the legendary Dan-gun. Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla 668 AD, Korea went through the Goryeo Dynasty and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910, when it was annexed by Japan. After liberation and occupation by Soviet and U.S. forces at the end of World War II, the nation was divided into North and South Korea. The latter was established in 1948 as a democracy, though political turmoil and times of military rule and martial law characterized much of the period until the foundation of the Sixth Republic in 1987. After the invasion of South Korea by forces from the North on June 25, 1950, the resulting war between the two Koreas ended with an Armistice Agreement, but the border between the two nations is the most heavily fortified in the world. After the war, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country was transformed into a major economy, a full democracy, and a regional power in East Asia. South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of sixteen administrative divisions and is a developed country with a very high standard of living. It is Asia's fourth largest economy and the world's 15th (nominal) or 12th (purchasing power parity) largest economy. The economy is export-driven, with production focusing on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit.

Capital SEOUL
Currency Won sudcoreano
Country code 0082
Spoken languages ​​ Korean
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least three months before the date of arrival in the country.

Health

The health situation is generally good at home, with competent medical personnel, especially in the main cities. However, the medical staff did not often a good knowledge of foreign languages. The assistance of an interpreter and is almost mandatory. The costs of hospitalisation for foreign citizens are quite high. In those circumstances it is advisable to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other Country. This precaution takes on particular relevance for Italians who go to Korea for tourist purposes, to visit, leisure, etc. Employees and self-employed persons of Italian law, however, travelling in Korea temporarily for reasons of work, can take advantage of a form of indirect assistance by the Italian national health service on the basis of the provisions of D.P.R. 618/1980. Foreign nationals residing in Korea can also get membership to the national health system, paying a portion in relation to income while the other share is paid by the employer. Please note that has been opened in Seoul a medical care center, the operating H24 "Seoul Global Center" available to foreigners residing or visiting the country. The Centre in question will allow foreigners who reside in the Republic of Korea to take advantage of a wide range of medical services with medical and paramedical staff that speaks English properly. All practical guidance in this regard is available at: http://global.seoul.go.kr. WARNINGS It is recommended to evaluate medical opinion, the opportunity to proceed to vaccination against viral hepatitis type B and against Japanese encephalopathy (this only for children) especially during the rainy season (summer). We recommend that travellers receive typhoid vaccination. On the increase of cases of tuberculosis. The sick have been cured successfully. In September 2007 an outbreak of conjunctivitis has infected more than 1800 people (mainly children of school age). Over the past three years have increased across the country (including some city) even in cases of malaria. The malaria infections are caused by a mosquito bite especially whose presence in the country and increased compared to the past. We recommend therefore travelers to take precautions against mosquitoes and gnats especially in summer. For further information, consult the FOCUS entry "health security" on the home page of this website; for information about local health situation we suggest you consult the following sites: www.port.venice.it/sanimav/paesi/corea.htm; www.travelclinic.it/mondo/asia/corea.htm. The emergency number is 119, operating in several foreign languages (besides the Korean), including English and Italian. In major hotels may require medical assistance (finding a doctor or sending an ambulance) through International SOS Korea 02-790-7561, or 02-3140-1700 which ensures paid a 24-hour service for emergencies 24 foreigners, with the activation of links between the patient and the Korean hospitals.

Telephony

Phone: cellular telephone network is not compatible with GSM phones (European standard). Only the most recent phone models have field. It is possible to rent mobile phones at the airport calling numbers SK Telecom/032 743-4011 or 017 (http://www.sktelecom.com/eng/index.html) or by visiting the KTF Global Roaming Center of Incheon International Airport, (open 24 hours). 1588-0608. it is also possible to book on the internet phones with the SK-Telecom at the following address: http://english.tour2korea.com/reservation/phone/phone_sk01.asp Also used cell phones and rechargeable sim card are readily available at prices quite content in all major Korean city To buy them you must be entered in the country for at least 4 days.

Climate

Dry winters with temperatures up to 16 degrees below zero; Summers are quite humid and rainy springs and autumns, and mild with rainfall.

Viability

Driving licence: it is accepted the international driving licence (model 1949 Geneva Convention or Vienna, 1968). Car insurance: compulsory. Temporary importation of a vehicle: you must pay an amount to the "carnet customs passage" ATA (information on www.atacarnet.com). The Customs authorities generally confined to six months the maximum period of importation of a vehicle. It is suggested, however, to advace the Customs authorities of the country to know the exact steps to be taken. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules It is obligatory the use of safety belts and helmets for motorcyclists. A child who travels on the front seat of a vehicle must be secured with a safety belt or sit in a Chair. Snow chains: compulsory in case weather conditions so require. In the event of an accident to avoid debates and contacting the 119 for emergencies. Possibly photograph the scene of the accident; take the counterparty data: name, phone number, etc.; report the incident to the insurance. Blood-alcohol limit is 0.05% allowed. Driving under the influence of alcohol is a serious infringement. The checkpoints are common everywhere at night for that type of control. Addition of breath tests are carried out on drivers stopped periodically. Highways: the payment system is a toll at the gate. You can use prepaid cards and telepass. The motorway network will cover approximately 4000 miles in 2010.

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