Barranquilla - Paseo de Bolívar Avenue

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is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The country is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia has maritime borders with Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Colombia is the 26th largest country by area and the 27th largest by population, and the fourth largest in South America after Brazil, Argentina and Peru. With over 46 million people, Colombia has the second largest population of any Spanish-speaking country in the world, after Mexico. It is also the only country in South America having coasts in the Pacific Ocean and in the Atlantic Ocean. Colombia is a middle power, with the fourth largest economy in Latin America, and the third largest in South America. Colombia is famous for the production of coffee, flowers, emeralds, coal and oil, all of these part of the primary sector of economy. The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and colonization ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada (comprising modern-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, north-western Brazil and Panama), with its capital at Bogotá. Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1830 "Gran Colombia" had collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador. What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as the Republic of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858), and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903. Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America, and an important promoter of the Pan American organizations, initially through the Congress of Panama and later, during the 20th Century as founder of the Organization of American States. The Liberal and Conservative parties, founded in 1848 and 1849, are two of the oldest surviving political parties in the Americas. Colombia is very ethnically diverse, and the interaction between descendants of the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans brought as slaves and twentieth-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East has produced a rich cultural heritage. This has also been influenced by Colombia's varied geography. The majority of the urban centres are located in the highlands of the Andes mountains, but Colombian territory also encompasses Amazon rainforest, tropical grassland and both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Ecologically, Colombia is one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries, and is considered the most megadiverse per square kilometer. Tensions between political parties have frequently erupted into violence, most notably in the Thousand Days War (1899–1902) and La Violencia, beginning in 1948. Since the 1960s, government forces, left-wing insurgents and right-wing paramilitaries have been engaged in the continent's longest-running armed conflict. Fueled by the cocaine trade, this escalated dramatically in the 1980s. Since 2000 the violence has decreased significantly, with many paramilitary groups demobilising as part of a controversial peace process and the guerrillas losing control of much of the territory they once dominated. Meanwhile Colombia's homicide rate almost halved between 2002 and 2006. As of 2011 Colombia remains the world's largest producer of cocaine, although production has been falling.

Capital SANTA FE DE BOGOTA'
Currency Peso colombiano (COP)
Country code 0057
Spoken languages ​​ spanish
Passport

Passport: needed. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Private medical facilities are generally of good standard and much more equipped public structures, but at very high cost. There are difficulties in the procurement of medicines, but since there is the risk of counterfeit medicines, it is advisable to take disputes exclusively to qualified pharmacies, avoiding non-specialist shops. The Amazonian areas health situation is particularly difficult, as well as in the regions East of the Andean Cordillera (Llanos), the Pacific coast and the region of Magdalena Medio, with the presence of malaria, yellow fever and dengue. Numerous cases of dengue fever have been reported since the beginning of 2012 in the departments of Huila, Meta, Valle, Tolima, Caquetá, Norte de Santander, Santander, Antioquia, Casanare, Córdoba, Cundinamarca. At the travel agency AVIATUR in Bogota was established a "medical service" can provide a constantly updated on the health situation of the country: "Servicios Medicos AVIA"-Carrera 11 no. 82/01- Tel. 0057-621-1 46 03 (direct) 621 46 59 (PBX)- Website: aviatur.com.co ("documentación") E-mail: henryveloza@aviatur.com.co. To those who wish to travel in areas of the country above, consider, after consulting a doctor, anti-malarial drugs and vaccine against yellow fever. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings In Bogotá and in the main cities and drinking water is disinfected with chlorine. In some districts, however, they continue to record cases of intestinal infection due to running water. It is suggested that: -mineral water and soft drink sealed, without adding ice, before drinking the water, boil species in suburban areas; -make use of foods (meat, fish and vegetables) only if thoroughly cooked and eating only fruit without Peel.

Telephony

Are operating three mobile company: Movistar, Comcel and Tigo. All operators provide roaming service on the basis of international agreements with Italian companies. Local mobile technology provides dual-tri-power bands.

Information

Automobile Club Touring y Automovil Club de Colombia (ACC) Diagonal 187 n.41-85 Centro Comercial Plaza Norte Santafe de Bogota, D.C. Tel. 0057 1 6784484 / 6784510 F. 6700608 e-mail: info@acc.com.co

Climate

The climate is tropical with dry periods from December to February; very variable in the other periods. The average temperature in the capital (2,600 m s.l.m.) is 14 degrees.

Viability

Licence International. (Geneva Convention 1949 model) Car insurance Rc mandatory. "Casko" insurance highly recommended. Temporary importation of vehicles Is required the "carnet customs passage" for vehicles imported temporarily. Links with Italy After the suspension of direct flights, the village is reached by flights "Alitalia" (Caracas). Also operate companies Avianca "flag" (via Madrid), "Iberia" (via Madrid), "Air France (via Paris), as well as some u.s. airlines with a stopover in the USA via Miami, New York and Atlanta).

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Languages: English - Italiano

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