Cyprus

       
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is a Eurasian island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon and north of Egypt. Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and the Republic of Cyprus is a member state of the European Union. The earliest known human activity on the island dates back to around the 10th millennium BCE. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, which has been declared a World Heritage Site with an "enhanced protection" status in the event of armed conflict by UNESCO, along with the archaeological sites of Paphos and the Painted Churches of the Troodos Region. Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world, and is the site of the earliest known example of feline domestication. At a strategic location in the Middle East, Cyprus has been occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Rashidun and Umayyad Arab caliphates, Lusignans, Venetians, and Ottomans. Settled by Mycenean Greeks in the 2nd millennium BCE, the island also experienced long periods of Greek rule under the Ptolemaic Egyptians and the Byzantines. In 333 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered the island from the Persians. The Ottoman Empire conquered the island in 1571 and it remained under Ottoman control for over three centuries. It was placed under British administration in 1878 until it was granted independence in 1960, becoming a member of the Commonwealth the following year. In 1974, following 11 years of intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, an attempted coup d'état by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta with the aim of achieving enosis (union of the island with Greece) took place. Turkey used this as a pretext to invade the northern portion of the island. Turkish forces remained after a cease-fire, resulting in the partition of the island; an objective of Turkey since 1955. The intercommunal violence and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of ongoing dispute. The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, except for the British military bases of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north, calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and recognised only by Turkey, covering about 36% of the island's area. Cyprus is the third most populous island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of its most popular tourist destinations. An advanced, high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On January 1, 2008, Cyprus joined the euro.

Capital NICOSIA
Currency euro
Country code 00357
Spoken languages ​​ Greek, Turkish
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing: the country is a member of the EU. Not part of the Schengen area, so we proceed to border control documents. As an alternative to the Passport is valid identity card needed for border crossing, rabies. We recommend that you enter the territory through a port or airport of the Republic of Cyprus. From here you can transfer to the North in the so-called Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Entry through a port or airport of the North (via Turkey) is considered illegal by the Cypriot authorities, and at the time of transit in the South you will be subject to police checks that could create complications, including refusal of admission.

Health

a health situation is good. There are 4 public hospitals and more than 100 private clinics. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. For more information you should consult your own SLA or the website of the Ministry of health: www.ministerosalute.it (subject areas health and citizen '; support of Italians abroad and foreigners in Italy). Reference website (Ministry of health): http://www.moh.gov.cy/moh/moh.nsf/ehic02_en/ehic02_en?OpenDocument There are some cases of gastroenteritis, viral hepatitis and sporadic cases of meningitis. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses at private care homes (most common in the territory, particularly in resorts), also the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in any other country. Warnings We recommend that you: -drink bottled mineral water without addition of ice, although the water is drinkable of aqueducts. -don't drink the water from the tanks placed on many buildings.

Information

Cyprus Automobile Association 12, CHR. Mylona Street 2014 NICOSIA Tel: 00357 22 313233 Fax: 313482 Postal address: P.O.Box 22279-1519 Nicosia CY e-mail: info@caa.com.cy Web site: www.caa.com.cy

Climate

Very hot and humid from June to September with temperatures often over 40ºc. winters.

Viability

Car insurance The Italian insurance is accepted. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. In the case of entry into the country with a caravan or motorhome is requested an inventory of the contents of the vehicle. The length of a car + caravan may not exceed 12 metres. Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to left, overtaking on the right. For a motorcyclist (and his passenger) is mandatory to wear a helmet Safety belts: you must wear your seatbelt for both the driver and passenger front and rear seats. Children: it is absolutely forbidden for a child, less than 5 years, travel in the front seat. Children between 5 and 10 years may travel in the front seat if you are using a seatbelt adapted to its size. Lights: lights of the vehicles must be heated for half an hour after sunset until 1/2 hour before sunrise. The use of headlights is prohibited, but the fog lights can be used in case of need. Any motor vehicle of any provenance must be equipped with two triangles. BAC: The permitted limit of 0.09%. The police may carry out random breath checks in case of suspicious persons submit to a blood test. Highways: there is no toll.

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