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is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Along with Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America that does not border Brazil. The Pacific coastline of Chile is 78,563.2 kilometres. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas and Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. The shape of Chile is a distinctive ribbon of land 4,300 kilometres (2,700 mi) long and on average 175 kilometres (109 mi) wide. Its climate varies, ranging from the world's driest desert – the Atacama – in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a rainy temperate climate in the south. The northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern and central Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited southern Chile. Chile declared its independence from Spain on February 12, 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879–83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its current northern territory. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were completely subjugated. Although relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that blighted South America, Chile endured the 17-year long military dictatorship (1973–1990) of Augusto Pinochet that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing. Today, Chile is South America's most stable and prosperous nation and a recognized middle power. It leads Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, low perception of corruption and state of peace. It also ranks high regionally in freedom of the press and democratic development. However, it has a high economic inequality, as measured by the Gini index. In May 2010 Chile became the first South American nation to join the OECD. Chile is a founding member of both the United Nations and the Union of South American Nations.

Capital SANTIAGO
Currency Peso cileno (CLP)
Country code +56
Spoken languages ​​ Spanish
Passport

PASSPORT: needed, with survival of at least 6 months upon arrival in the country. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The quality of public health care facilities is not comparable at European level in any part of the country. Private medical facilities in Santiago (region Metropolitana) and in V region (Viña del Mar and Valparaíso) are excellent but very expensive. In the city of Temuco, Valdivia, Puerto Montt, Antofagasta, Arica and La Serena are decent. In the rest of the country is low. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. In the past you are recorded in various parts of the country several cases of meningococcal meningitis. In the regions of Central and southern is endemic to the presence of mice "Hanta" virus, which can infect humans. The virus has a mortality rate of 50%. Information about the virus and precautions to be taken can be found on the website: http://www.conaf.cl/Office of CONAF (Corporaciòn Nacional Forestal). We recommend, in addition, subject to medical opinion, vaccination against hepatitis A, given the frequency of cases registered. Some travellers have presented temporary intestinal disorders in the first week of stay in Chile, due mainly to the presence of microorganisms in the water, but it is potable. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -drink only bottled water, without addition of ice; -do not eat raw vegetables and salads.

Information

Automòvil Club of Chile (ACCHI) Avenida Andres Bello No. 1863 Providence Santiago Tel: 0056 2 431 1000 Tel: 0056 2 212 5702 (Agenzia di viaggi) Fax: 0056 2 431 1162 e-mail: acchinfo@automovilclub.cl web site: www.automovilclub.cl

Climate

To the North and the arid tropical climate; in the desert there are strong temperature changes between day and night. The climate is Mediterranean. To the South is of continental type with average temperatures of + 12° c. In the Chilean Patagonia (southern end) the climate is cold, with temperatures ranging between-15ºc and + 5º c. Temperature variations can be abrupt throughout the country. We recommend that visitors to always carry, also in the northern desert, wind jackets and sweaters.

Viability

Car insurance: compulsory. Foreign insurers are not accepted. You need to take out a short-term insurance, obtainable at insurance companies close to border posts. It is not possible to conclude insurance policies at border posts. It is recommended the "carnet customs passage (CPD) for vehicles imported temporarily. For more information on CPD please consult the following link: Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts: obligation to wear them on the front seats of vehicles registered in Chile or abroad. Children cannot sit on the front seat of a vehicle. In an aged between 6 months and 4 years must be placed in appropriate seat. Lights: at night, a vehicle stopped in a poorly lit, public place must have position lamps turned on. It is obligatory to have aboard triangle, first aid case and fire extinguisher. The use of chains is mandatory in case of heavy snow. BAC: the permitted limit of 0.05%. In the event of an accident, if the driver is suspected of being intoxicated, the police may require you to undergo a breath test. If the test is positive for a blood test. Is not allowed alcohol consumption on board vehicles (applies to the driver and passengers). The State of maintenance of the road surface is precarious and inadequate compared to the growing volume of traffic. Mostly lack the protective and embrasures HGV traffic in cities can create traffic jams and risks. The Chile has one of the highest indexes of accidents worldwide. The feasibility of dorsal "panamericana" and new urban highways in the capital is good.

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