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is an island country, spanning an archipelago of 10 islands located in the central Atlantic Ocean, 570 kilometres off the coast of Western Africa. The islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi), are of volcanic origin and while three of them (Sal, Boa Vista and Maio) are fairly flat, sandy and dry, the remaining ones are generally rockier and have more vegetation. However, because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the overall landscape is not particularly green, despite what the country's name suggests (verde is Portuguese for "green"). The name of the country stems instead from the nearby Cap Vert, on the Senegalese coast, which in its turn was originally named "Cabo Verde" when it was sighted by Portuguese explorers in 1444, a few years before the islands were discovered. The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th Century, and became important in the Atlantic slave trade for their location. The islands' prosperity often attracted privateers and pirates, including Sir Francis Drake, a corsair (privateer) under the authority of the British crown, who twice sacked the (then) capital Ribeira Grande, in the 1580s. The islands were also visited by Charles Darwin's expedition in 1832. The decline in the slave trade in the 19th century resulted in an economic crisis for the islands. With few natural resources, and without strong sustainable investment from the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly discontent with the colonial masters, who nevertheless refused to provide the local authorities with more autonomy. This discontent festered and culminated in 1975, when a movement originally led by Amílcar Cabral who was assassinated on 20 January 1973 then passed onto his half-brother Luís Cabral, achieved independence for the archipelago. The country has an estimated population (most of creole ethnicity) of about 500,000, with its capital city Praia accounting for a quarter of its citizens. Nearly 38% of the population lives in rural areas according to the 2010 Cape Verdean census; about 20% lives below the poverty threshold, and the literacy rate is around 85%. Politically, the country is a very stable democracy, with notable economic growth and improvements of living conditions despite its lack of natural resources, and has garnered international recognition by other countries and international organizations, which often provide development aid. Since 2007, Cape Verde has been classified as a developing nation. Tough economic times during the last decades of its colonization and the first years of Cape Verde's independence led many to migrate to Europe, the Americas and other African countries. This migration was so significant that the number of Cape Verdeans and their descendants living abroad currently exceeds the population of Cape Verde itself. Historically, the influx of remittances from these immigrant communities to their families has provided a substantial contribution to help strengthen the country's economy. Currently, the Cape Verdean economy is mostly service-oriented with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment, which benefits from the islands' warm climate throughout the year, diverse landscape, welcoming people and cultural richness, especially in music.

Capital PRAIA
Currency Escudo capoverdiano ( CV esc)
Country code 00238
Spoken languages ​​ Portuguese
Passport

Passport: needed. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health situation is that of a developing country, but with lower incidence of certain infectious diseases. Healthcare facilities are present only in the main islands (Santiago, Sao Vicente), while with regard to the other islands are only structures at the level of first aid for outpatient treatment. For health problems to a certain extent we recommend the immediate repatriation. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, health insurance that includes in addition to coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. In the months from July to December on the island of Santiago are possible outbreaks of malaria (disease transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes).It is therefore recommended that you adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -After consulting a doctor, vaccination against hepatitis A and B (Government websites also recommend yellow fever and typhus); -to drink only bottled mineral water without addition of ice; -not to eat raw vegetables; -to carry specific medicinal products frequently use, as there is a real risk that the drugs found in the spot you have counterfeit.

Climate

The dry season runs from November to July (season winds) while the wet season lasts from August to October. The rainfall of the Islands is irregular but sometimes very intense. The average annual temperature is around 24° c.

Viability

Licence Recommended international driving licence (Geneva Convention 1949 model). Transportation: 1,100 km of roads, paved with flagstones of 858 stones. Major ports Praia and San Vincente. The other islands are all served by marinas where you can moor small boats. Airports: eight including four international (Praia, Sal, Boa Vista and s. Vicente) Links with Europe: flights are provided by the following airlines: the TACV (Transportes Aereo de Cabo Verde) with five weekly flights to Portugal, a weekly flight to the Netherlands, Paris, Madrid, Munich; TAP (Transporte Aereo de Portugal), with five weekly flights to Portugal; The NEOS, with several weekly charter flights to tour operators. TUI to and from United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany.

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