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is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Spanning over 9.9 million square kilometres, Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the longest land border in the world. The land that is now Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the region's Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Balfour Declaration of 1926 and reaffirmed by the Statute of Westminster of 1931, which declared self-governing dominions within the British Empire to be equal. The Canada Act of 1982 finally severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British Parliament. Canada is a federal state that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's most highly-developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade – particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member of the G7, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and UN. With the sixth-highest Human Development Index globally, Canada has one of the highest standards of living and per capita income in the world.

Capital OTTAWA
Currency Dollaro Canadese (CAD)
Country code 001
Spoken languages ​​ English and French
Passport

Passport: the Passport is required with survival-recommended, but not required – at least six months at the time of entry into the country. However, we recommend that you contact us before undertaking the journey, diplomatic and consular offices of Canada in Italy and abroad in the country to acquire up-to-date information concerning possible changes of these terms occurring.

Health

The health situation in General is, in terms of quality of medical services, excellent. For foreigners, health care is paid. Excellent availability of medicinal products. Given the very high cost of health services (first aid), it is advisable to bring health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country.

Telephony

Cellular network: GSM (North American), TDMA, ANALOGIC, International Satellite. Recently the use of mobile phone whilst driving is banned in almost all over the country. It is still admitted in Prince Edward Island, Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories. Please note that the driver who causes an accident following the use of mobile phones while driving, could be prosecuted for dangerous driving with culpable if aggravating cause injury or death to people.

Information

Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) 1145 Hunt Club Road, Suite 200 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1V 0Y3 tel: +1 613 2470117 fax: +1 613 2470118 Internet: www.caa.ca E-mail: info@national.caa.ca

Climate

Winter: very cold in Central and northern areas (with minimal up to -40° C); more temperate in the maritime provinces. Summer: hot and muggy in particular in the Central Plains; temperate coasts.

Viability

Licence For use with a motor vehicle Licence is required (Vienna Convention 1968 or Geneva 1949), except in the Northwest Territories where is recognized only the International Licence in accordance with the Geneva Convention of 1949. Car insurance Minimum mandatory insurance: Residents and visitors: is compulsory insurance for third party liability for personal injury and for all vehicles. The minimum limit in Canada is $ 200,000 while in Québec is $ 50,000. The insurance policies issued in the United States are valid in Canada only if cover a ceiling of at least $ 200,000. Short term insurance: A visitor, upon his arrival in North America, should contact the Canadian Automobile Association or American or a Canadian insurance company to obtain the insurance contract needed to circulate in Canada and in the United States. If you have a bonus/malus certificate may qualify for a reduction. (See "useful addresses" to contact associations of insurance companies). Vehicles imported temporarily with customs documents A motor vehicle can be imported temporarily for a maximum period of 12 months. At the entrance to the vehicle in Canada, customs inspector at Bakassi or port may issue a permit of temporary import "E99". If there is a doubt about the subsequent re-exportation of the vehicle may be required to pay a security deposit ranging from 100 to 500 dollars; in such a case is released form E29B. " The carnet customs passage FIA can be used in place of the E29B form to avoid the payment of the deposit. However, it is recommended that you use the form E29B since customs inspectors not always familiar with the "iter" relative to the AIT/FIA carnets. More information on CDP's website www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Use of vehicle: a vehicle temporarily imported cannot be used by the importer or his decision but only in the presence of the importer. Driving rules Driving on the right and overtake on the left. Compulsory equipment Safety belts: mandatory in all provinces both before and after. Child seat: must be used for an infant and a child under 6 years (5 years in Manitoba, New Brunswick and Quebec and Terra Nova) and/or that weights less than 18 kg (23 kg in Manitoba and Quebec). Helmets for motorcyclists: is obligatory in all Canadian provinces for the driver and passenger of a moped, a scooter and a motorcycle. To Yukon to conduct a snowmobiling is mandatory helmet use. Lighthouses: all two-wheeled vehicles must circulate with the headlights lit day and night except in the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. All vehicles manufactured after 1990 must be compulsorily the Milit. The Yukon Territory has its own legislation (for 6 months a year does not have any solar lighting). Position lamps are required for broken-down vehicles. BAC The General limit is 0.08%, however the local authorities may set a lower limit for example 0.05%. The first time is a fine of 600 CAD and the suspension of the licence as well as a sentence of imprisonment. The withdrawal of the licence is slated for 5 years. Young drivers aged 16 to 21 years, as well as motorists who just got his driving license, you are not allowed any blood alcohol. It is prohibited to bring a bottle of wine in a motor vehicle. In some States and territories are allowed to have alcohol in the bonnet of the car or a camper on condition that is beyond the reach of the driver. Detection Test is required to submit to the breathalyser test if required. The Penal Code stipulates a criminal prosecution in the event of refusal. Spiked tyres and snow chains Spiked tires: you can use them in the following periods: -Alberta: there are no restrictions; -British Columbia: from 1 October to 30 April; Prince Edward Island: from 1 October to 31 May; -Manitoba: from 1 October to 30 April; -New-Brunswick: from 16 October to 30 April; -New-Scotland: from 15 October to 30 April; -Ontario: prohibited all year round; -Québec: from 15 October to 1 may for cars with less than 3000 kg; -Saskatchewan: there are no restrictions; -Newfoundland: from 1 November to 30 April; -Northwest Territories: there are no restrictions; -Yukon: there are no restrictions. Vehicles with tires have special limitations not nailed. Highways There are only two motorways: the Coquihalla toll Highway, which connects Hope East

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