Cameroon

       
Cameroon

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is a country in west Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The country is called "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The highest point is Mount Cameroon in the southwest, and the largest cities are Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua. Cameroon is home to over 200 different linguistic groups. The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. French and English are the official languages. Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões ("River of Prawns"), the name from which Cameroon derives. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884. After World War I, the territory was divided between France and Britain as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun political party advocated independence but was outlawed by France in the 1950s. It waged war on French and UPC militant forces until 1971. In 1960, the French administered part of Cameroon became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons merged with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984. Compared to other African countries, Cameroon enjoys relatively high political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Power lies firmly in the hands of the authoritarian president since 1982, Paul Biya, and his Cameroon People's Democratic Movement party. The English speaking territories of Cameroon have grown increasingly alienated from the government, and politicians from those regions have called for greater decentralization and even secession (for example: the Southern Cameroons National Council) of the former British-governed territories.

Capital YAOUNDÉ
Currency Franco CFA
Country code 00237
Spoken languages ​​ French and English
Passport

Passport: needed. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Hospitals in the most important centers of the country (Yaoundé, Douala, Garoua) are sufficiently equipped for routine and interventions for the treatment of tropical diseases, while in smaller resorts healthcare facilities are absolutely inadequate, private ones are not sufficient. The availability of medicines is good. We do not recommend in any case to undergo surgery on the spot. We recommend that you take out before undertaking the journey, providing health insurance in addition to coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another Country. The country is classified as zone 3 high-risk malarial. You should, after consulting a doctor, anti-malarial drugs before departure and after return to Italy. Also recommended after consulting medical vaccinations against typhoid, hepatitis: A and b. HIV seropositivity rate of 5.5% is officially and exceeds the 50% risk environments (prostitution and drug addiction). Warnings We recommend that you: -Avoid uncooked, untreated vegetables; -drink bottled water without the addition of ice; -consume, incidentals, poultry meat and eggs only if well cooked and to avoid any form of direct contact with birds and poultry (in March 2006 there was a case of bird flu on a farm in the North of the country)

Climate

Tropical climate in the South and Centre, with high humidity and heavy rainfall except for the dry season (November-February). Climate more arid north. Douala: average yearly temperature 26.4° c (average in January, averaging 24.8° in July 27.3°). 4004 mm annual precipitation, rainy days 208. Yaoundé: 23.5° temperature annual average (average in January, averaging 22.2° in July 24.6°). 1456 mm annual precipitation, rainy days 138. Maroua: average yearly temperature 28.8° c (average in January, averaging 26.6° in July 33.3°). 850 mm annual precipitation, rainy days 68.

Viability

Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model or Vienna 1968). Car insurance RC mandatory Customs documents for vehicles imported temporarily Carnet customs passage needed. Transportation: avoid circular overnight and take extra care in the transfer on the road axis-Douala, Yaoundé, for the presence of numerous media accidented fermi on the road and lack of adequate reporting systems. The railway network is 1104 miles. Douala and Yaoundé and connects with the North of the country. Network maintenance is poor. Frequent theft of luggage of passengers. You are experiencing an increase of travellers on the sleeper, in Yaoundé-Ngaunderè, due to the lack of reliability of flight times. Safety on board is good and guaranteed by the police, who oversees each sleeping car. International airports are in Yaoundé, Douala and Garoua. Links with Europe are insured by Airfrance, Brussel, Ethiopian Airways, Royal Air Maroc and Kenya Airways. There are no direct connections with Italy. Domestic flights are operated by local companies, with poor reliability as regards safety and maintenance of aircraft.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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