Brunei Darussalam

Bandar Seri Begawan

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is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia, and it is separated into two parts by Limbang, which is part of Sarawak. It is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo, with the remainder of the island belonging to Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei's population was 401,890 in July 2011. Brunei can trace its beginnings to the 7th century, when it was a subject state of the Srivijayan empire under the name P'o-li. It later became a vassal state of Majapahit empire before converting to Islam in the 15th century. At the peak of its empire, the sultanate had control that extended over the coastal regions of modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, the Sulu archipelago, and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo. The thalassocracy was visited by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 and fought the Castille War in 1578 against Spain. Its empire began to decline with the forced ceding of Sarawak to James Brooke and the ceding of Sabah to the British North Borneo Chartered Company. After the loss of Limbang, Brunei finally became a British protectorate in 1888, receiving a resident in 1906. In the years after the Japanese wartime occupation during World War II, it formalised a constitution and fought an armed rebellion. Brunei regained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 January 1984. Economic growth during the 1970s and 1990s, averaging 56% from 1999 to 2008, has transformed Brunei Darussalam into a newly industrialised country. Brunei has the second highest Human Development Index among the South East Asia nations after Singapore, and is classified as a developed country. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Brunei is ranked 5th in the world by gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity. Forbes also ranks Brunei as the fifth richest nation out of 182 nations due to its extensive petroleum and natural gas fields.

Currency Dollaro del Brunei
Country code 00673
Spoken languages ​​ Malay (official), English, Chinese

Passport: needed, with survival of at least 6 months (absolutely necessary condition for moving in other countries of the region).


The health benefits are good, but at high cost. Italian drugs are not available, but it's easily found a counterpart of other origin, in pharmacies or medical and hospital facilities. WARNINGS We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. It is recommended after medical opinion, vaccination against hepatitis A and b.


Equatorial climate with high humidity (up to 100%), temperatures ranging between 25 and 35 degrees throughout the year. For further information, consult the official website of the Brunei meteorological service:


Licence Hire international licence is mandatory (Geneva Convention 1949 model). Car insurance Mandatory; also the obligatory passing Carnet customs Driving rules Drive on the left. Transportation: you can travel by bus, taxi or rent a car. The bus system is economical and reliable, but only in the area of the capital. To explore the Interior, it is advisable to take a rental car. Links: most visitors arrive and the airport of Bandar Seri Begawan. Brunei has direct flights to 27 destinations between Asian and Australian capital city.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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