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 is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people. It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas and the largest lusophone country in the world. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to the rank of kingdom and the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was formed. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese colonial empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the formation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The country became a presidential republic in 1889, when a military coup d'état proclaimed the Republic, although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress, dates back to the ratification of the first constitution in 1824. Its current Constitution, formulated in 1988, defines Brazil as a Federal Republic. The Federation is formed by the union of the Federal District, the 26 States, and the 5,564 Municipalities. The Brazilian economy is the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity (as of 2011). Brazil is one of the world's fastest growing major economies. Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Organization of American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations, and is one of the BRIC countries. Brazil is also one of the 17 Megadiverse countries, home to diverse wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats. The north of the country is covered by the Amazon rainforest, while the rest is mostly grassland.

Capital Brasilia
Currency Real
Country code 0055
Spoken languages ​​ Portuguese
Passport Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months at the time of entry into the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.
Health

Public health structures are generally lacking, especially in the northern regions, and the North-East and Center-West Brazil; private ones, especially in the major centers of the country, are generally satisfactory. We recommend that you take out before undertaking the journey, providing health insurance in addition to coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. Considering the high cost of private hospitals, you should also check that the cover provided by insurance taken out on departure is unlimited. You may want to bring their own medicines in case of medical problems. Warnings In the inland areas of the Amazon and the Pantanal region there are endemic diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. In particular, there is a high risk of contracting malaria in most forest areas below 900 m of the States of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Maranhão, North West of Mato Grosso, Pará (with the exception of the city of Belém), Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins West. It is therefore recommended a prophylaxis. HIV/AIDS is widespread. Therefore, the recommended precautions. Brazilian national health authorities recommend to yellow fever vaccination, after consulting a doctor, at least ten days before the trip, to those who travel in the following areas: the entire territory of the Federal States of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Distrito Federal, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocatins; all municipalities located in the West and in the South of Bahia, in the North of Espírito Santo, in the South of Piauí, in the Northwest of São Paulo and West of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. There is no risk of contracting yellow fever in the coastal areas of the States of Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo and Sergipe. Please note that you require a certificate of vaccination against yellow fever for visitors coming from Countries at risk of disease transmission, except for babies up to 9 months of age and those who have a dispensation from the vaccine for medical reasons. Constantly increasing in most of the country, including the capital Brasilia, cases of dengue fever, particularly in coastal areas of the North East. The period in which the risk of contraction of disease is highest between the months of January and may. If you were to record typical symptoms such as fever, dengue fever, heaviness, head pain, bone pain and nausea, please contact immediately to a hospital. Do not take any medicine before having consulted a doctor, and above all we must not take aspirin or drugs containing acetylsalicylic acid. Here are some precautions. In particular, we recommend: -staying in places where there are mosquito netting around beds and Windows; -use repellent products for topical application (sprays, ointments, creams, etc.) and wear clothes that cover the arms and legs; -make use of electrical appliances for the protection of individual environments. You may also want to take one tablet a day of "B complex", which contains vitamins that are expelled for dermal and away mosquitoes (mosquitoes tend to sting especially at dusk and dawn, but the risk is constant). The Aedes aegypti mosquito, carrier of the virus proliferates in the water. It is therefore recommended to avoid puddles or ponds (especially stagnant water) and throwing empty containers. In order to avoid various kinds of dissenteriche syndromes ' should follow the basic hygienic (don't drink running water, be sure to eat quality food and only if well cooked).

Information

Car Club do Brasil Rua México No. 11 16 Andar CEP 20006-900 Rio de Janeiro Brasile Tel. +55 21 25331129 Fax +55 21 22202400 Sito web: www.carclubdobrasil.com.br

Climate

Mostly tropical but there are six climate types with seasons reversed compared to the northern hemisphere. Equatorial climate: is found in the Amazon, in the northern part of Mato Grosso and the western part of Maranhão. Its principal characteristics are average temperatures (° C at 25ºc), rains with indexes close to 2,000 mm/year well distributed throughout the year; the thermal excursion is reduced and no more than 3º C. The humidity is high. Tropical climate: it affects everyone the Central Brazil, eastern part of Maranhão, Piauí, West of Bahia and Minas Gerais and Roraima. It is characterized by high temperatures (18° C to 23ºc) with thermal excursion from 5º C to 7ºc and well-defined seasons, a rainy season (which coincides with the summer) and a Bank (which coincides with the winter). Presents an index of approximately 500 mm precipitation/year with strong seasonal differences. Tropical of altitude: the higher parts, between 800 and 1,000 m of Atlantic Plateau of Southwest and includes the States of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Federal District, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and North of Paraná. The influence of the Tropical Atlantic air block causing rainfall during the summer. Features temperatures between the 18th C and 22ºc and a thermal excursion between 7ºc and 9º c. Atlantic tropical or tropical moist: extends all along the coastal belt of the Rio Grande North to Paraná. The direct action of the Tropical Atlantic block, that being hot and humid, causing heavy rainfall. The variation of temperature ranges between 18° C and 26ºc and the thermal excursion progressively increases moving southward. To the Northeast there is a greater concentration of rainfall during the winter and Southwest during the summer. The average precipitation is 2,000 mm/year. Located in the subtropical latitudes: below the Tropic of Capricorn, in the southern part of the State of São Paulo, in the majority of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande. Average temperatures are 18° C and thermal excursion is high (10ºc). Little rainfall is 1,000 mm/year, intense and well distributed throughout the year. The seasons are well defined: hot summer, up to 30º and winter cold, 0° C; Spring and autumn have an average temperature between 12th and 18th c. Semiarid: typical of the Northeast, in the region known as the Polygon, which is Dry almost all the "sertão" and Middle Eastern valleys of river São Francisco. Temperatures are higher (average 27ºc) and the rains are scarce (I get to 750 mm/year).

Viability

Licence Italian citizens, age and in possession of a driving licence valid in Italy, it is permitted to drive a motor vehicle for a period of up to 180 days (from the date of entry into Brazil). To obtain recognition of their driver's license, however, you need to go to an Office of DETRAN (Departamento de Trânsito) equipped with a driving licence accompanied by respective sworn translations and an identification document. Very strict is the Brazilian legislation on driving while intoxicated ("lei seca" provides also for punishability minimum presence of alcohol) and speed limits, subject to common control (especially in cities) by means of electronic detectors. Car insurance RC mandatory. Foreign insurances accepted: to be valid, the liability insurance for tourists must contain the words "Valid for Brazil" (Valid for Brazil); This insurance must be issued by an insurance company represented in Brazil. Address: DPVAT Website: www.dpvatseguro.com.br We recommend to those who drive a car abroad to do not own by the owner of the car a "delegated to conduct" with signature notarized at a notary. International connections: good; There are the major airlines. Alitalia has a direct link Sao Paulo-Rome (seven weekly flights) and, from June 2011, Rio – Rome. The Brazilian Airline TAM operates flights Sao Paulo-Milan everyday of the week. The Portuguese airline TAP performs daily flights from Brasilia to Italy via Lisbon. Internal transport Links inside of Brazil, considering the great distances between the various cities, are generally by air. The road is not in good condition and, since the goods generally takes place by road, is quite dangerous to navigate by car.

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