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The citizens are referred to as "Batswana" (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It has held free and fair democratic elections since independence. Botswana is flat, and up to 70% is covered by the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north is poorly defined but at most is a few hundred meters long. A mid-sized country of just over two million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it gained independence from Britain in 1966, with a GDP per capita of about US$70. Botswana has since transformed itself, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in the world to a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $14,000. The country also has a strong tradition as a representative democracy.

Currency Pula (BWP)
Country code 00267
Spoken languages ​​ English

Passport: needed with at least 6 months of remaining validity. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.


Healthcare facilities are poor. Only in the capital Gaborone is an excellent hospital. In major cities such as Gaborone and Francistown are no particular risks of contracting diseases spread in Africa with the exception of AIDS, which is found throughout southern Africa, but also in Botswana where he impressed people with particular virulence. In the North of the country, in the Okavango and Chobe is malaria which emphasizes in particular after the rainy season. You should, therefore, adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. We recommend also to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance in addition to providing medical expenses also cover eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in any other country.


There are two companies of cellular network: ORANGE and BOTSWANA. Some Italian mobile phones can be used in Botswana.


Ente per il Turismo locale Department of Tourism Tel: 00267 3953024 Sito web: E-mail:


Very hot from October to March, especially in desert areas, temperate in other months. Short rainy season during the warmer months.


Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model or Vienna 1968) request for rental cars. Car insurance Rc required border. Temporary importation of vehicles It is necessary to have the carnet customs passage. More information on the site Driving rules Movement left, overtaking on the right. Internal transport Connections between major cities are insured by private firms of pullman sufficiently reliable. Links with Europe There are no direct flights to Europe and therefore the Botswana is required to make a stopover in Johannesburg or Cape Town (South Africa) and Nairobi (Kenya).

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