Bosnia and Herzegovina


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is a country in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 20 kilometres (12 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the town of Neum. In the central and southern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography. The country that is now Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age. Culturally, politically and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries AD. They then established the first independent Banate in the 12th century upon the arrival and convergence of people that would eventually come to call themselves Dobri Bošnjani (literally "Good Bosnians"). This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid 15th to the late 18th century. The Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which lasted up until the end of World War I. Following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the country, like most other in the region, proclaimed independence in 1992, which was followed by a bloody war, which lasted until late 1995. Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education levels and is one of the most frequently-visited countries in the region. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and heritage inherited from six historical civilizations that have ruled in the country, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique architecture and the Sarajevo Film Festival and Sarajevo Jazz Festivals, both the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe. The country is home to three ethnic groups or, officially, constituent peoples, a term unique for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second and Croats third. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina is often identified in English as a Bosnian. The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and the region of Herzegovina has no precisely defined borders of its own. Moreover, the country was simply called "Bosnia" (without Herzegovina) until the Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the nineteenth century. Formerly one of the six federal units constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina gained its independence during the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a parliamentary republic, which has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government. The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at the summit in Tallinn. Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union upon its establishment in July 2008.

Currency Marco bosniaco (BAM)
Country code 00387
Spoken languages ​​ Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing: You must travel with a valid identification (passport or identity card valid for the expatriation). The survival of the Passport request is ninety (90) days from the scheduled date of termination of the stay. Please note that both difficulties have been reported in recognition of printed identity cards renewed with stamp and rejections for holders of electronic identity cards renewed with a certificate issued by the municipality. Therefore, in order to prevent rejections at borders, we recommend travellers bound for Croatia to obtain Passport anyway.


Hygienic-sanitary conditions, improvement, are still below European standards. The local hospitals are developing progressive improvement, especially in the capital and in major cities for emergency interventions, but remain, for lack of resources and staff, not in line with European standards. With regard to the cases of urgent repatriation, major airlines are Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines with daily flights with stopovers in Vienna or Munich. Embarking on military aircraft of the Italian contingent carrying out regular flights is allowed only in cases of emergency and subject to a positive opinion of the crisis unit in the Foreign Ministry and the Joint operational command of Italian Defence General staff. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings: The bad conservation of food shops and markets can cause unpleasant ailments and intoxications. It therefore recommends the utmost caution in the purchase of foodstuffs that can be performed even in outlets of large distributors present in major cities of the country. Poor is the consideration for environmental protection and is now adjust the distribution of electricity gas and water, especially in the cities. During the period December 2010-January 2011 has been recorded an increase of cases of swine flu (A/H1N1)-about 100 confirmed cases of which 1. In general, local authorities are reacting promptly to emergencies.


The mobile network coverage is good. Local companies are active and you can use your phone with Italian operator with international roaming service. However, you may encounter problems receiving and sending sms, mms and Gprs/3 g systems.


The climate in the area of Sarajevo and surrounding areas is of continental type. For rigid and very snowy winters with temperatures reaching-15°, alternate summers with a peak of 35° in the capital up to 40 degrees in other areas (particularly Herzegovina). The intermediate seasons rainy, with temperatures are unstable and sensitive thermal excursion. The Southwest (Mostar and Hercegovina) is characterized by a Mediterranean climate.


Car insurance Green card with reference to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Transport in General: air connections are operated by various companies (Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Malev and Jat), but require a layover (Vienna, Munich, Budapest, Belgrade). Bosnia and Herzegovina is accessible by road from Croatia is by train. There are also maritime connections with the ports of Dubrovnik and Split from which it is possible to continue on the road. There is a ferry service that employs a night crossing. In summer the maritime connections are also made with ferries that take less than 5 hours. The network of roads and road is in unsatisfactory conditions, especially outside of city centers: is not paved and/or illuminati, puddles, potholes, require particular attention to driving. This situation is exacerbated during the winter months by the presence of snow and ice on the road surface. We recommend that utmost caution driving, traveling by day and not go back roads. During the winter months are obligatory snow tires or chains. It is recommended to follow scrupulously obey the highway code. The speed limit is 40 km/h in cities and between 80 and 100 km/h in extracity. The maximum permissible rate with respect to the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of a driver is 0.3 Mg/l.

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