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is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire – the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was called Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies. After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has struggled through periods of political instability, dictatorships and economic woes. Bolivia is a democratic republic that is divided into nine departments. Its geography is varied from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country, with a Medium Human Development Index score, and a poverty level of 53%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very wealthy in minerals, especially tin. The Bolivian population, estimated at 10 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, and Africans. The main language spoken is Spanish, although the Aymara and Quechua languages are also common and all three, as well as 34 other indigenous languages, are official. The large number of different cultures within Bolivia has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Capital Sucre
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
Country code 00591
Spoken languages ​​ Spanish
Passport

Passport: needed, with survival of at least 6 months at the time of entry; round-trip ticket. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The public hospitals are, with few exceptions, lacking; the private hospitals are better, at least in major cities such as La Paz, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Cochabamba and Sucre. In these cities you can find medicines more widely consumed without great difficulty, and partly even those destined to specific therapies. In the case of emergency admissions must be attention to blood transfusions because no accurate controls and there is a risk of contracting diseases. Surgery or treatment of a certain complexity cannot be effected on the spot and it is recommendable to travel abroad in Europe or the United States. You can take out health insurance on the spot, but rather supported prices. It is therefore recommended, before embarking on the journey of health insurance that provides in addition to the coverage of medical expenses even if air repatriation health or transfer in another country. The country's endemic diseases include chagas riscontate "(American Trypanosomiasis)," dengue "(with cases of haemorrhagic variant), malaria and yellow fever and are concentrated mainly in the area of the valleys and in the lowlands. For the first two diseases there is a vaccine; in the case of malaria, you can submit to prophylaxis, medical opinion before visiting endemic areas; for yellow fever vaccine should be given at least 10 days before the start of the journey and has a validity of 10 years. Another illness present in tropical areas and the Amazonian "leptospirosis", named White leprosy; have also been reported cases of cholera. Recommended prophylaxis for those wishing to visit the Amazon region or in tropical conditions East of country (Chapare). We recommend that you: -don't drink running water and disinfect always good because fruits and vegetables contaminated with bacteria, viruses and parasites. Infections can cause diarrhea, vomiting, fever or other symptoms such as in the case of hepatitis; -protect yourself with repellents and mosquito nets, and in the specific case of chagas, do not stay in dilapidated dwellings with cracks in ceilings and walls and thatched roofs (ideal habitat for breeding of parasite vectors); -in the case of plateau and hike in the mountains, climb cautiously quota to allow the body to get used to the altitude, which can cause insomnia, headaches, nausea; -use sunscreen with a high protection factor to avoid burns and sunburn caused by altitude.

Information

Automovil Club Boliviano (ACB) Avenida 6 de Agosto No. 2993 - San Jorge Casilla 602 La Paz tel.: (+ 591 2) 2431132 / 2432136 / 2432135 fax: (+ 591 2) 2431139 e-mail: acblapaz@acelerate.com

Climate

The climate is very diverse; in winter (May – October) the weather is dry, while in summer (Nov-April) there is the rainy season. Amazonian areas, wet heat is constant all year round. The average annual temperature increases progressively with values between -3° C and 12° C in the Highlands between 20° C and 28° C with a warm tropical in lowlands. Intermediate valleys the temperature is mild and varies between 15° C and 20° c. In the Highlands there is a strong thermal excursion between night and day while between October and April are frequent rains that may cause floods, which often followed periods of drought.

Viability

Licence International Geneva Convention 1949 model. Car insurance: the RC car is required Links with Europe: there are no direct connections with Italy. There is only one direct flight with Europe: La Paz-Santa Cruz-Madrid. Other flights are available via Brazil, Argentina, Panama, Peru and Venezuela, U.S.A. Internal transport The road network is only partly paved; as above mentioned buses and minibuses are often in poor maintenance conditions. The railway network is virtually non-existent. There are Bolivian airlines that connect all major cities of the country.

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