Belgium

       
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 is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.[nb 1] Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi), and it has a population of about 11 million people. Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the Dutch-speakers, mostly Flemish (about 60%), and the French-speakers, mostly Walloons (about 40%), plus a small group of German-speakers. Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in the political history and a complex system of government. Historically, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries, which used to cover a somewhat larger area than the current Benelux group of states. The region was called Belgica in Latin because of the Roman province Gallia Belgica which covered more or less the same area. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, it was a prosperous centre of commerce and culture. From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution in 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, many battles between European powers were fought in the area of Belgium, causing it to be dubbed the battleground of Europe, a reputation strengthened by both World Wars. Upon its independence, Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa. The second half of the 20th century was marked by the rise of contrasts between the Flemish and the Francophones fuelled by language differences on the one hand and an asymmetrical economic evolution of Flanders and Wallonia on the other hand. These ongoing conflicts have caused far-reaching reforms of the formerly unitary Belgian state into a federal state and a very long political instability.

Capital BRUXELLES
Currency Euro
Country code 0032
Spoken languages ​​

French, Dutch and German, English is widespread.

Passport

Documents required for access to the country: Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing. It is necessary to travel with one of the two documents is not expired. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. The village forms part of the EU and shall accede to the Schengen Agreement.

Health

The health situation is good. Hospital and medical facilities, public and private, are good. There is no fix for the availability of medicines. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM), called the health card. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses even if air repatriation or transfer in any other country.

Telephony

For there are three cellular network operators: Proximus, Mobistar and Base with the possibility of making a subscription or prepaid cards carry.

Information

SINGLE EMERGENCY NUMBER 112 Please note that you can freely contact Emergency services in any EU country, by dialling the 112 number from any landline or mobile. The number 112 is available 7 days on 7, 24 hours on 24. The service, operated by the local authorities, is offered in the language/and/and/the official and often also in a vehicular language. Royal Automobile Club de Belgique (RACB) Rue d'Arlon 53, 1040 Brussels Tel. 0032 2 2870911 Fax 2307584 Website http://www.racb.com/ Touring Club Royal de Belgique (TCB) Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 44 44 1040 Brussels Tel. 0032 2 2332211 Fax 0032 2 2332205 Website: www.touring.be/ ISTITUTO ITALIANO DI CULTURA Rue de Livourne, 38 – 1000 Brussels tel. 2 fax 0032 533.27.20 0032 2 534.62.92 website: www.iicbruxelles.esteri.it/ E-mail: iicbruxelles@esteri.it The Tourist Office of Flanders: TOERISME VLAANDEREN Grasmarkt 63-1000 Brussels Tel: 0032 2 5040390 Fax: 0032 2 5040270 E-mail: info@toerismevlaanderen.be Website: www.visitflanders.com/ Office of the Walloon and Brussels Tourism: OFFICE DE PROMOTION DU TOURISME WALLONIE-BRUXELLES Rue du Marché aux Herbes, 61 – 1000 Brussels Tel. 0032 2 5040390 E-mail: info@opt.be Website: www.belgique-tourisme.net/

Climate

Clima continentale con frequente e diffusa piovosità.

Viability

Car insurance The Italian insurance is also valid in Belgium. Remember those abroad help a car of his own, which is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Direction of travel: keep right, overtake on the left. PORTABLE TELEPHONE The driver can use a laptop with the hands only when the vehicle is stationary for the ascent and descent of people or things or if parked. The ban applies equally if the driver is in a filling or in front of a red light, or in the case of other stop that does not fall under "Park". COMPULSORY EQUIPMENT Helmets for motorcyclists: the helmet is compulsory for the driver and passenger (of any age) of a motorcycle with or without a sidecar. Safety belts, child seat: all people who travel on a vehicle registered in Belgium or abroad should wear the belt in places which are fitted (front and rear). A child up less than 1.35 m must be sitting on a seat or suitable child restraint system; in the absence of the latter a child of 3 years or older, less than 1.35 m must travel in the back seat and use a belt or other system attached to the seat. It is forbidden to use in a front seat with seat back towards the road if the front airbag is active. Triangle: mandatory for all vehicles (except for mopeds, motorcycles and trailers) Vest-reflectorized band: all motorists, night and day, should wear a vest-reflectorized band in the case should get out of the car in case of breakdown or accident in places where stopping is prohibited. This rule also applies to foreign automobilistri. If it infringes this provision is liable to a fine of at least Eur 50. Lights: it is forbidden to circulate at night with the sun position lights, even in urban areas. The front fog lamps (optional) must be two and their use is authorised in the case of fog, snow or heavy rain. Can be used alone, or with the main-beam or dipped. The driver of a motorcycle two wheels or two-wheeled moped must circulate with the lights on day and night. BAC Limit: The maximum rate of alcohol in the blood is 0.05%, i.e. 0.5 g of alcohol per litre of blood, or 0.22 mg per litre of exhaled air. Tracking tests: one who or that is going to drive a vehicle, or who is presumed to be the author of an accident (even a pawn), shall be subjected to a test on the spot. If the test is positive (there is in the blood a measure between 0.05 and 0.08% alcohol) take the driving ban in three hours later (with disqualifications for this period). Starting from 0.08% alcohol in the blood or in case of refusal of the test shoot an immediate ban driving 6 hours. Motorway network Motorways are free. Links with the rest of Europe: excellent. Internal transport Excellent. Links with the rest of Europe are good.

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