Zambia

       
A Giraffe mother and her calf in the South Luangwa National Park of eastern Zambia

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is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The neighbouring countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest. Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region which comprises modern Zambia was colonised during the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, Zambia became the British colony of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the colonial period, the country was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company. On 24 October 1964, the country declared independence from the United Kingdom and then-prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from the 1964 until 1991. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a single-party state with the UNIP as the sole-legal political party, with the goal of uniting the nation under the banner of 'One Zambia, One Nation'. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, during which the country saw a rise in social-economic growth and increased decentralisation of government. Chiluba's privatisation of the mines backfired when investors closed operations. He attempted to run for an unconstitutional third term, which was stopped by mass protests. Chiluba selected Levy Mwanawasa as his successor, Mwanawasa presided over the country from January 2002 until his death in August 2008. Mwanawasa is credited with initiating a campaign to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living from those left by his predecessor. After Mwanawasa's death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected president in 2008. He is the shortest serving president, having held office for only three years. Patriotic Front party leader, Michael Chilufya Sata defeated Banda in the 2011 elections. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in the capital Lusaka.

Capital LUSAKA
Currency Kwacha zambiana (ZMK)
Country code 00260
Spoken languages ​​ English and African dialects
Passport

Passport required. The passport must have at least 6 months of remaining validity. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Healthcare facilities, even in the major cities, are inadequate and far below Western standards. We recommend that, before embarking on the journey of health insurance to include, in addition to medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another country. Also very widespread diseases in cities are AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis bilharzia, meningitis, polio and cholera. Are recommended, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations for hepatitis, tetanus, typhoid and anti-malarial drugs. The South African Ministry of health has issued a new statement for travelers heading into South Africa from Zambia and for those coming from South Africa to Zambia where certification of vaccination against yellow fever. This also applies to those who come from Zambia – are merely in transit in South Africa. Please note that it is necessary to carry out the vaccination at least 10 days prior to departure. You may also want to: -adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites -eat only cooked vegetables; -drink bottled mineral water without addition of ice; -eat only peeled fruits; -bring basic medications and antibiotics broad-spectrum, given the difficulty of finding medicines locally. Warnings It is important to bear in mind that some pharmaceuticals considered very common in Italy, such as psychoactive drugs, tranquilizers and antidepressants (such as Valium or Prozac) are considered by amazing local law if not accompanied by prescription. It invites, so if you cannot avoid carrying these products, obtain prescription translated into English, carrying only the amount specified in the prescription. There have been, in fact, cases of arrest and indictment for drug trafficking for the simple possession of small quantities of psychotropic drugs in excess of the amount required.

Climate

The country is situated mostly on a plateau over 1,000 m above sea level with a warm damp in the rainy season (November to April) and dry and mild during the rest of the year.

Viability

Licence The Italian driver's license can be used for a maximum period of 90 days from entry into the country, then you must obtain a Zambian. International licence, on the other hand, can be used until expiry reported in itself. Customs documents Recommended the "carnet customs passage" for vehicles imported temporarily. Transportation: minibuses are the means of transport used in big cities, but are not recommended as unreliable from the point of view of maintenance. In addition, drivers are inexperienced and often drive dangerously. The coaches of some private companies that connect the main population centres are quite safe. We do not recommend the use of the train. Links: British Airways aircraft (via London) 3 weekly flights with connections to Rome and Milan Kenyan Airways (via Nairobi) 3 weekly flights to Rome Egyptair (Cairo) 4 weekly flights with connections to Rome and Milan Ethiopian Airlines (via Adis Ababa) 7 weekly flights to Rome

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Languages: English - Italiano

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