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Vietnam is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea – referred to in Vietnam as the East Sea (Vietnamese: Biển Đông) – to the east. With an estimated 90.5 million inhabitants as of 2011, Vietnam is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The Vietnamese became independent from Imperial China in 938 AD, following the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese royal dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. The First Indochina War eventually led to their expulsion from the country in 1954 leaving Vietnam divided politically into two countries. Fighting between the two sides continued, with heavy foreign intervention, during the Vietnam War, which ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975. Emerging from this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged Communist nation was politically isolated. In 1986, the government instituted economic and political reforms and began a path towards international reintegration. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth has been among the highest in the world since 2000, and according to Citigroup, such high growth is set to continue. Vietnam has the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies, and its successful economic reforms resulted in it joining the World Trade Organization in 2007. However, the country still suffers from relatively high levels of income inequality, disparities in healthcare provision, and poor gender equality.
Capital HANOI
Currency dong
Country code 0084-4
Spoken languages ​​ Vietnamese

for entry into Viet Nam must possess a passport with validity of at least 6 months remaining. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.


Health care given by the Vietnamese public hospitals is below European standards. However, in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City hospitals are able to provide a sufficient level of assistance, at least in some areas (Gynecology, general medicine, laboratory tests). In these places you should look for aid performance, although the rates are rather high and payable in advance. In the case of diseases or accidents for which health interventions are needed more delicate and complex, is therefore necessary to transfer to Bangkok, Singapore or Hong Kong. For the purchase of medicines in pharmacies, please contact reliable and proven reliability, due to the spread of counterfeit goods. Health warnings Given the high costs of healthcare and in cases where it is necessary to return or transfer of the sick in another Country it is advisable to subscribe an insurance ad hoc prior to arrival in Viet Nam that includes coverage of healthcare costs on-site and those relating to the possible repatriation or relocation to another Country. The water is not drinkable and, in some areas of the country, is potentially infected by viruses, parasites and bacteria or chemicals. It is therefore recommended to drink only bottled water and eat peeled fruit, preferably avoiding raw vegetables and ice in drinks. You should not eat pre-prepared for sale in stalls in street. Meat and fish should be eaten well-cooked. Poor food hygiene and was recently because of outbreaks of cholera. Intestinal infections and cholera are applicants with resurgence during the rainy months. Since July 2008 the above mentioned diseases are on the increase, and there are also cases in metropolitan areas and in the capital. Should therefore be observed the hygienic-sanitary and food. Even measles and rubella occur often with virulence. In Viet Nam is high risk of contracting typhoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis B (highly endemic), and tetanus, diphtheria and Japanese encephalitis. For these diseases may be helpful to undergo vaccination, which should always be carried out under direct control recommended by health and medical case-by-case basis. It is recommended after medical opinion, vaccination against Japanese encephalitis for those who plan to stay long in the country. The risk of contracting malaria is now non-existent in large cities and the coastal strip. However, there are some areas where this risk remains, in particular regions of the Central Highlands (Kon Tum, Dac Lac Play Ku, Buon Ma Thuot, Dong Xoai, Bao Loc), the coastal areas of the South (Ca Mau, at the extreme tip of the Mekong delta, Can Tho and My Tho) and the northern uplands (Sapa, Lao Cai, Son La, Dien Bien Phu). Dengue fever, hemorrhagic type, is also present in major cities and can increase during the rainy season. The southern provinces are the ones most affected, particularly in the Mekong Delta area. Local health authorities have stepped up their efforts, particularly from autumn 2009, to apply preventive measures and control measures against the spread of the epidemic, is constantly increasing. In the first nine months of 2009 were registered in Hanoi alone, cases where 5,293 almost three thousand in September. Sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, the so-called "STDs" syphilis, gonorrhoea and herpes simplex are very widespread and the number of patients is growing. It is therefore important to use precautions. The Viet Nam reported some cases of SARS (atypical pneumonia) in 2003. Avian influenza is present and manifests itself intermittently. The Vietnamese authorities maintain a constant vigilance on the diffusion of new outbreaks, especially in seasons where average temperatures are usually lower.


The Viet Nam extends for about 1800 miles in latitude and climate in the two main cities, Hanoi in the North and Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) in the South has vastly different characteristics with higher temperatures in the southern regions. The humidity is very high across the country and determines the increased sensation of hot and cold in different seasons. Possible second cyclonic phenomena in the country areas and periods of the year. (see Warnings under the Security section of this site.


Licence: the Italian driver's licence is not valid for vehicles in Viet Nam, but can be converted into a local licence only with residence permit of at least 3 months and after a long procedure. Transportation: transportation over long distances within the country are carried out mostly by plane with the Viet Nam flag carrier Airlines at affordable prices. The trains are slow and poorly furnished, with some exceptions. For short distances and tours and by the 30 km, is the use of relatively inexpensive taxi, but the average speed is very low and does not exceed 50 km/h. it is possible to rent cars with driver only. Numerous agencies organize excursions to the main tourist destinations at affordable prices. Commuting in the city you can use taxis, numerous and cheap, motorcycle-taxi (climbs behind the driver) and cyclo (the local version of the rickshaw). However, it is recommended to negotiate the fare in advance to avoid unpleasant discussions at the end of the race. Major cities are increasing bus services. It is very easy and cheap to hire motorcycles. Links with Europe: the Viet Nam is served by numerous airlines, but there are no direct connections with Italy. From Rome and Milan you can travel with Thai, with a stopover in Bangkok; otherwise, you can reach Rome by the Viet Nam with Malaysia Airlines, with a stopover in Kuala Lumpur, with Cathay Pacific, with a stopover in Hong Kong, and Singapore Airlines, with a stopover in Singapore. Other airlines depart from Paris (Air France and Viet Nam Airlines arrive directly in Hanoi). Working links with Aeroflot, Viet Nam also China Airlines and Qatar Airways.

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