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is a country in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to 3.3 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88% of the population are of European ancestry. Uruguay's only land border is with Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, to the north. To the west lies the Uruguay River and the estuary of the Río de la Plata to the southwest. To the southeast lies the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi), Uruguay is the second-smallest nation in South America by area, after Suriname. Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the country, was founded by the Portuguese in 1680. Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold. Uruguay won its independence in 1811–28 following a three-way struggle between the claims of Spain, Argentina and Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, with a president who is both the head of state and the head of government. Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America, with a high GDP per capita and the 48th highest Human Development Index in the world as of 2011, and the first by human development in Latin America, when inequality is factored in. Uruguay is also noted for its low levels of corruption, being ranked by Transparency International as the second least corrupt country in Latin America (behind Chile). Its political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent. It was the highest rated country in Latin America on Legatum's 2010 Prosperity Index. Reader's Digest ranked Uruguay as the ninth "most livable and greenest" country in the world, and first in all the Americas. Uruguay is ranked highest in Latin America on the Global Peace Index. Uruguay was the first South American country to legalize same-sex and different-sex civil unions at a national level, and to allow gay adoption. Uruguay and Bolivia were the only countries in the Americas which did not go into recession (2 consecutive quarters of retraction) as a result of the Late-2000s financial crisis. In 2009, Uruguay became the first nation in the world to provide every school child with a free laptop and internet. It was the first nation in the Americas to test hemp cultivation. Uruguay is reimbursed by the UN for the majority of its military spending, because the majority of its military is deployed as UN peacekeepers.

Capital MONTEVIDEO
Currency Peso uruguayano
Country code 00598
Spoken languages ​​ spanish
Passport

necessary. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Compared to the past, the quality of public health care service is visibly deteriorated and remains far from average levels in Europe. Paid support is at a good level. The on-site procurement of medicines is decent, but fairly high prices. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. You should also take the normal precautions sanitation. For those wishing to travel in the country's inland areas or outlying the capital, it is recommended that you take more caution because of the precarious security conditions, sanitary standards more problematic with scarce medical care centers. In particular, some Departments have been reported cases of hepatitis A, tuberculosis and meningitis. As in other countries, also in Uruguay tuberculosis is endemic. In Uruguay have not yet been detected cases of dengue infection in the country, but contracts imported from neighbouring countries. The Ministry of health has launched a campaign in order to make known the symptoms of illnesses and to allow early diagnosis. In rural areas and in the poorest areas is the Tripanosmiasi American (Chagas Disease), for which there is no vaccine and the only form of Defense is protection from insect bites. Warnings Despite the water of Montevideo and the main tourist centres and drinking, it is preferable to use bottled mineral water. The bathrooms are not recommended in the beaches of the capital.

Climate

The village lies in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are reversed compared to Italy. Climate: temperate, with four seasons. Strong cold winds, accompanied by thunderstorms, often causing abrupt changes of temperature. Average temperature in summer: 26° c/28° C (December-February); Average temperature: 16° in autumn/20° C (March/May); Average winter temperature: 8°/10° C (June/August); Average temperature in spring: 16°/20° C (October/November).

Viability

Licence: Italian Insurance: recommended the "carnet customs passage (CPD) for vehicles imported temporarily. Insurance in the border. Transportation: Bus service: connect Montevideo and the Interior of the country, as well as some cities in Argentina and Brazil, with a mid-level service. The terminus is located at the Terminal Tres Cruces "of Montevideo, Blvr. Artigas. For information and timetables consult the page www.trescruces.com.uy, under the heading "Terminal". Taxi: the taxi service is good and fairly cheap. There is also a service for the whole day ("Remise"). Ferries: Ferry connects company and other Uruguayan Montevideo to Buenos Aires by hydrofoil. For further information consult the website www.buquebus.com. The Cologne Express covers solely the Colonia-Buenos Aires (www.coloniaexpress.com.uy). It signals a new entrant since December 2007, SEA CAT (www.seacatcolonia.com), which covers trafficking in Cologne – Buenos Aires. European airlines: there is no direct flight between Italy and Uruguay. The only direct flight between Montevideo with Europe is the company "Iberia" via Madrid. The main European airlines reach airports in Buenos Aires and São Paulo, from where there are frequent connections to Montevideo. There are also some international connections with the airport of Este, São Paulo and Buenos Aires. Any further useful information can be found on the following web site of the international airport of Montevideo: www.aic.com.uy.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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