Hungary

       
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is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, also known as Magyar, which is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe. Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (AD 9 - c. 430) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian ruler Árpád, whose great-grandson Saint Stephen I was crowned with a crown sent by the pope from Rome in 1000 AD. The Kingdom of Hungary lasted for 946 years,[note 1] and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centres of the Western world. After about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy (1867–1918). A great power until the end of World War I, Hungary lost over 70 percent of its territory, along with one third of its ethnic population, and all its sea ports under the Treaty of Trianon, the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary. The kingdom was succeeded by a Fascist regime, and then a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention during the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic, which was established in 1989. Today, Hungary is a high-income economy and a regional leader in some respects. Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations of the world, attracting 8.6 million tourists a year (2007). The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).

Capital BUDAPEST
Currency Fiorino ungherese (Forint)
Country code 0036
Spoken languages ​​ hungarian
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents, we can produce if required by local authorities. The village forms part of the EU. With the country's entry into the Schengen area have been eliminated controls at land borders, ports and airports. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Public health care is adequate, with sufficient availability of medicinal products. There are numerous hospitals and outpatient although not always with equipment of last generation. Preventive vaccinations are not necessary nor sanitation special precautions. Italian citizens who travel temporarily for tourism, business, study or work at home can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care, if in possession of a European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119. It is suggested to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, including those for the eventual repatriation of ill health.

Climate

The climate is continental, with hard winter snowfall that frequent, particularly in the outlying centres of the country, make difficult traffic conditions.

Viability

Driving Licence: Italiana Insurance The Italian insurance is also valid in Hungary. Use of a vehicle by a person other than the owner of a vehicle temporarily imported can be driven only by those who have imported. The vehicle shall be re-exported from the same person. Delegation to lead: remember those driving abroad a vehicle is not just that it is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Motorway network You must buy the electronic toll vignettes to circulate on 70% of Hungarian motorways and on some highways; the list is at www.motorway.hu. The "vignette" is for sale (with payment in guilders or credit card) at the motorway companies and agencies, the offices at 24.C. Hungarian (MAK), the major petrol stations situated on the highway, and some offices of the Austrian and Slovak Bc. It can also be purchased online www.autopalyamatrica.hu page The brochures are distributed to borders of entry into the country and information available within the country at 06 40405060 "Vignette" cost for 2012, cars and motor vehicles up to 3.5 tonnes (including trailer and caravan) -validity: 1650 HUF 4 days; -10 days validity: 2,975 HUF (1,470 HUF for motorcycles) -monthly: 4,780 HUF validity; -annual validity (13 months from 1 Jan to 31 Jan 2013): 42,980 HUF Substantial fines in case of non-possession of the "vignettes", established by the Hungarian police. From January 1, 2008 all commercial vehicles (except then those for passenger transport) over 3.5 t have to buy the "vignette" for 42 sections of roads of major importance; see page www.motorway.hu From 4/1/2007 vehicles weighing more than 12T must pay tolls on some stretches of road communication. Municipality of Budapest: From 1 March 2008, pursuant to the decision of the Municipal Council of 28 February Budapest, freight transport in the areas of limitation of passing trucks weighing more than 12 tonnes-exceptions to this are only some transit-routes is possible only prior written permission. Permits can be obtained from Parking Kft: www.parking.hu (site in Hungarian, English and German). For more information, please contact Hungarian associations category (Federation of International Private Transporters; www.nit.hu, Association of Hungarian Transporters: www.mkfe.hu, as well as the Parking Kft. BAC There are fines up to 250 euro for speeding and driving while intoxicated. In this, as in any other case of infraction of traffic code by foreigners, police proceeded with the withdrawal of the passport until you get to the payment of a penalty in local currency. Is absolutely forbidden to drive after taking alcohol in any quantity. There is a system of "zero tolerance" towards drivers who consume alcohol. If the alcohol is less than 0.08%, the driver will have to pay a fine. If the rate is higher than 0.08%, should stand trial. It is also punishable if it allows you to drive to a person in a State of intoxication or under the influence of any drug. Tracking tests: the police may submit a driver suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol to a breath test. Fines and other penalties In case of payment of fines is good to get a receipt or request to pay at the nearest police station. Have been reported in cases of fines with spurious motives against foreign motorists by border officers or police officers with the threat of a possible withdrawal of passport issue and collect fines without receipt. Fines on the spot: a police officer may impose a fine and ask the offender to pay on the spot; If this is not possible you can pay by mail within 30 days. Credit cards are not accepted. The amount of a fine on the spot goes from 500 to 10,000 HUF. The amount of a fine imposed by a court may be higher. Maximum fines: -speed limit: max 60,000 HUF and notice -driving under the influence of max: 100,000 HUF and notice -vehicle with technical failure: max 50,000 HUF and notice -use of cell phones while driving: max 30,000 HUF Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required.

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