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is a country in Central and Eastern Europe. Ukraine borders the Russian Federation to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after the Russian Federation. According to a popular and well established theory the medieval state of Kievan Rus was established by the Varangians in the 9th century as the first historically recorded East Slavic state which emerged as a powerful nation in the Middle Ages until it disintegrated in the 12th century. By the middle of the 14th century, Ukrainian territories were under the rule of three external powers—the Golden Horde, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kingdom of Poland. After the Great Northern War (1700–1721) Ukraine was divided between a number of regional powers and, by the 19th century, the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into the Russian Empire with the rest under Austro-Hungarian control. A chaotic period of incessant warfare ensued, with several attempts at independence from 1917 to 1921, following World War I and the Russian Civil War. Ukraine emerged from this fighting on December 30, 1922 as one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's territory was enlarged westward shortly before and after World War II, and southwards in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. In 1945, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the founding members of the United Nations. Ukraine became independent again when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. This dissolution started a period of transition to a market economy, in which Ukraine was stricken with an eight-year recession. Since then, however, the economy experienced a high increase in GDP growth. Ukraine was caught up in the worldwide economic crisis in 2008 and the economy plunged. GDP fell 20% from spring 2008 to spring 2009, then leveled off as analysts compared the magnitude of the downturn to the worst years of economic depression during the early 1990s. However, the country remains a globally-important market and supplier, particularly, the world's third biggest grain exporter (as of 2011). Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital and largest city, and Sevastopol, which houses the Russian Black Sea Fleet under a leasing agreement. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second largest military in Europe, after that of Russia. The country is home to 46 million people, 77.8 percent of whom are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of Russians (17%), Belarusians and Romanians. The Ukrainian language is the official language in Ukraine. Russian is also widely spoken. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has heavily influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.

Capital KIEV
Currency Hryvna (UAH)
Country code 0038
Spoken languages ​​ Ukrainian, Russian
Passport

necessary and with residual validity of at least three months at the moment of departure. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Local health facilities, while quite numerous, are currently insufficient qualitative level, because missing therapeutic and diagnostic instrumentation level. The medical staff is generally well-prepared. In the capital there are several private medical centers of Western level. Commonly used medications are available at pharmacies in major cities. It is advisable not to carry out on-the-spot treatment complex or specialist. There are endemic diseases such as tuberculosis and diphtheria. It is recommended after medical opinion, vaccination antidifterica. Warnings We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. You may also want to: -adopt the normal hygiene measures; -mineral water drinking; -do not use ice in drinks; -check carefully the food, especially fruits and vegetables.

Climate

Spring (April-June): Temp. 8/25 degrees: warm, ventilated. Clothing midseason. Summer (July-August): Temp. 15/30 degrees: dry heat. Summer clothing. Autumn (September-November): Temp. 5/ -10: rainy. Heavy clothing. Winter (December-April): Temp. 5/ -20 degrees: cold, snow, ice. Heavy clothing with snow shoes.

Viability

 Italian licence is recognised. Car insurance The third party insurance for personal and material damage is mandatory. The minimum coverage required is UAH 51,000 for 25,500 and bodily harm with a limit of UAH 127,500 for accident for material damage. Italian license plates for vehicles with the green card is required. The motorist doesn't have a green card must take out a frontier insurance policy. Circulation: card cards are recognized movement written in Latin characters. The international movement certificate is obligatory only in case the National Charter is not in Latin characters. A foreigner who stays in Ukraine for over 2 months must be registered temporarily at the traffic police. Vehicles imported temporarily without customs documents: temporary importation of vehicles in Ukraine is allowed. At the border the driver must present the certificate of registration of the vehicle and his passport. It must also include the number plate of the vehicle on the immigration card. The authorities affix a stamp on temporary importation with the number plate of the vehicle on the driver's passport. At the end of the driver's passport will be stamped so witnessing the exit of the vehicle from the territory of Ukraine. Delegation to conduct: Please remember to drive a car abroad does not own that it is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with authentic signature at a notary. Driving rules Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory for motorcyclist and passenger. It is mandatory to wear seat belts. It is forbidden to transport front seat children under 12 years and less than 145 cm height. Children travelling in the front seat must be connected in a seat suitable to their size. Triangle: it is mandatory to use the triangle or a flashing light red alert danger in case of accident or road breakdown. Fire extinguisher: the car is required to have a fire extinguisher, while bus is required to have two. First aid Kit: the case of emergency is mandatory on all vehicles. Fines and other penalties Fines on the spot: police officers can impose fines on the spot for foreign visitors, but they are not allowed to collection of payments. Fines for exceeding the legal blood alcohol content can be very high. The licence can be confiscated and it is extremely difficult to retrieve a license once this has been confiscated. Confiscation of the vehicle in case of non-payment of a fine before departure or on expiry of the period within which a fine must be paid (15 days), the vehicle of the visitor who has committed the offence can be detained by police authorities until payment of the fine. The vehicle is then placed in a guarded parking. The driver's licence is then sent to the domicile of the motorist through the Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. The vehicle is then made to the visitor. Spiked tyres and snow chains During the winter, vehicles must be equipped with winter tires with a 6 mm on all roads. The use of chains is permitted. BAC The blood alcohol limit for drivers is 0.02%. Fines vary from 2550-3400 UHD. It provided for the suspension of the licence. Tracking tests: tests are mandatory for anyone suspected of driving while intoxicated. Warning: many foreign nationals are being detained, on roads and highways in Ukraine, by policemen or suspected such that, citing violations of various kinds, threatening retaliation and ask for sums of money. It's good, in these cases, do not endorse such claims, but claim to be accompanied at the closest police station from where you can contact the Embassy to emergency numbers, and collect, if it considers appropriate, reliable and detailed elements for a complaint. Links with Europe The village is connected with the main European capitals with regular flights. Internal transport The railways connecting all major cities. Travel clubs are generally suitable for clockwise (you should buy tickets for entire compartments "SV"). In the capital there are three lines of urban underground by a network of integrated surface effective and well distributed, however, means are somewhat outdated.

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