Turkmenistan

       
Ashgabat

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is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. Turkmenistan's GDP growth rate of 11% in 2010 ranks 4th in the world, but these figures are subject to wide margins of error. It possesses the world's fourth largest reserves of natural gas resources. Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert. The Turkmen government operates as a single-party system. Turkmenistan was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov (called "Türkmenbaşy" — "leader of the Turkmens") until his sudden death on 21 December 2006. Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov was elected the new president on 11 February 2007.

Capital ASHGABAT
Currency Manat
Country code 00993
Spoken languages ​​ Turkmen, Russian
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least three months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Local health facilities offer inadequate quality standards. The capital is present, for emergencies, a Turkish clinic. In case of severe pathology, it is recommended that you return or transfer of the sick in another country. The availability of medicines, outside of those generic, is poor. There are occasional outbreaks of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. It is recommended not to drink the water of the water network and do not add ice in drinks. Vaccinations: recommended, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against hepatitis (A and B) and typhoid.

Climate

From December to March the average temperatures are between -7 and +15 degrees Celsius; from April to November, the climate is generally hot in summer, some areas of the country (Karakum desert), with highs of around +50 degrees. In the summer, daytime temperatures rarely fall below 35 degrees. In the capital Ashgabat, temperatures rarely fall below zero. In Turkmenistan, there are low humidity and rainfall.

Viability

Driving Licence: The Italian driving licence is accepted if accompanied by notarized translation into Russian language. Car insurance not mandatory. Driving while intoxicated is strictly punished. Transport in General: there are no direct air connections with Italy. The capital Ashgabat is connected with regular flights from Frankfurt (Lufthansa) and Moscow (S7/Sibir Airlines, Turkmenistan Airlines). There are also regular connections with Istanbul, Karachi, Abu Dhabi New Delhi, Tashkent, Almaty, Yerevan and Baku.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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