Tonga

       
Nukualofa

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is a sovereign state and an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, comprising 176 islands scattered over 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi) of ocean in the South Pacific. Fifty-two of the islands are inhabited. The Kingdom stretches over a distance of about 800 kilometres (500 mi) in a north-south line located at about a third of the distance from New Zealand to Hawaii. Tonga also became known as the Friendly Islands because of the friendly reception accorded to Captain James Cook on his first visit there in 1773. He happened to arrive at the time of the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation of the first fruits to the Tuʻi Tonga, the islands' paramount chief, and received an invitation to the festivities. According to the writer William Mariner, in reality the chiefs had wanted to kill Cook during the gathering, but could not agree on a plan. Tonga is also the only island nation in the region to have avoided formal colonisation. In 2010, Tonga took a decisive step towards becoming a fully functioning constitutional monarchy after legislative reforms paved the way for its first ever fully representative elections which resulted in the election of Noble Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō as its first democratically elected Prime Minister.

Capital NUKU'ALOFA
Currency Dollaro pa'anga o Dollaro Tongano
Country code 00676
Spoken languages ​​ Tongan, English
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least 6 months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed in advance at your travel agent.

Health

The health facilities are lacking. The city of Nuku'alofa and Neiafu have hospitals with emergency services limited and, in case of serious problems, it is often necessary to transfer at hospitals in New Zealand, for which you may need to use special air-ambulances which entail extremely high costs. Please note that is frequently required prepayment in cash and medical expenses. We recommend that you take out before undertaking the journey, adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another country (Australia, New Zealand, etc.). You should also: -to carry out the vaccination against hepatitis A and tetanus (after consulting a doctor); -to bring insect repellent products; -to drink only bottled water, without adding ice in drinks.

Climate

tropical cyclone climate with potential. The hot season lasts from December to may and partially coincide with the period more exposed to cyclones (November-April). The temperate climate can be found from May to December.

Viability

Driving Licence: International. Car insurance If you rent a vehicle it is recommended to take out insurance. Ordinary road network Good in the main islands, unpaved roads. Motorway network Non-Existent. Ports In Nuku'alofa, Eua, Pangai (ha'apai) and Port of Refuge (vava'u). Airports International in Nuku'alofa, home to ' Eua, ha'apai, vava'u, Niuatoputapu.

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