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Thailand is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest. The country is a constitutional monarchy, headed by King Rama IX, the ninth king of the House of Chakri, who, having reigned since 1946, is the world's longest-serving head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history. The king of Thailand is titled Head of State, Head of the Armed Forces, the Upholder of the Buddhist religion, and the Defender of all Faiths. Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country in terms of total area, with an area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), and is the 20th-most-populous country, with around 64 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, which is Thailand's political, commercial, industrial and cultural hub. About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is ethnically Malay; the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. The country's official language is Thai. The primary religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of the population. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995, and is presently a newly industrialized country and a major exporter. Tourism also contributes significantly to the Thai economy, as the country is home to a number of well-known tourist destinations, including Ayutthaya, Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Krabi, Chiang Mai, Hua Hin and Ko Samui. There are approximately 5.2 million legal and illegal migrants in Thailand, and the country has also attracted a number of expatriates from developed countries.
Capital BANGKOK
Currency Baht
Country code 0066
Spoken languages ​​ Thai and English
Passport

required for entry into the country and must have survival of at least 6 months upon arrival. Tourists, by law, are required to always carry their original passport. There have been cases of people arrested because no document.

Health

Good in General. Local private medical facilities are excellent. There are high levels of air pollution in Bangkok. The spread of AIDS is high. There are outbreaks of tropical diseases (e.g. malaria, Japanese encephalitis, sporadic cases of leprosy). Dengue fever is present in Thailand as in much of Southeast Asia. In recent months there has been a sharp increase in cases of Chikungunya fever in the provinces of southern Thailand. The virus is contracted as a result of the sting of infected mosquitoes and manifests with symptoms similar to those of dengue fever (fever, muscle and bone pain, headaches, fatigue, nausea and vomiting). Since January 2004 new outbreaks of bird flu have appeared throughout South-East Asia. Since the beginning of the disease have been reported some cases of infection from animal to man. The situation is constantly monitored by Thai health authorities, which shall take the measures of prevention and control of the case. Incidentals you may want in any case to avoid places of poultry, do not touch birds (dead or alive) and suggests eating meat of poultry and eggs only if well cooked. WARNINGS We recommend that you take out, before embarking on a journey, an adequate health insurance policy (local health facilities are not free) to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation of the ill. It is recommended during the stay: -do not consume foods and/or beverages of dubious provenance, drink only bottled water and drinks without ice if not in public places that provide guarantees of hygiene; -drink frequently, to prevent inconveniences related to the phenomena of dehydration frequent in tropical countries.

Climate

Country monsoon tropical climate: humid with heavy rains during the period from August to October; more moderate temperatures during the period from November to February. Average temperatures vary between 25° c in the months of December-January and 35-40 degrees in the remaining months of the year

Viability

Driving Licence: International driving license is recognized in accordance with the model of the Geneva Convention of 1949. Insurance Since no foreign insurance policy is recognized, we must enter into a temporary policy in border entry. It is recommended the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. You can import a vehicle into Thailand for a maximum duration of 6 months. Driving rules Drive on the left, overtaking on the right Helmet for motorcyclists: required Safety belts: wear them is mandatory on front seats BAC: the limit is 0.05%. Air connections with Europe: almost all major European airlines flying to Bangkok. Important: the payment of a fee of 700 airport Bath per person (including children from 2 years of age) from Bangkok International flights for tickets purchased before February 1, 2007. Since that date, the ticket cost is inclusive of tax. Transport: bus, train and air connections cover the whole country.

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