Tanzania

       
Tanzania

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is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern border lies on the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is a state composed of 26 regions (mikoa), including those of the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar. The head of state is President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, elected in 2005. Since 1996, the official capital of Tanzania has been Dodoma, where Parliament and some government offices are located. Between independence and 1996, the main coastal city of Dar es Salaam served as the country's political capital. Today, Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial city of Tanzania and the de facto seat of most government institutions. It is the major seaport for the country and its landlocked neighbours. The name Tanzania derives from the names of the two states Tanganyika and Zanzibar that united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

Capital DODOMA
Currency Scellino della Tanzania (TZS)
Country code 00255
Spoken languages ​​ kiswahili and english
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of 6 months at the time of entry into the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The local healthcare system is deficient as regards the staff, the medical equipment and the availability of specific drugs. The health situation within the Country, is particularly serious. Blood transfusions are safe. In the country there are also clinical centres with medical personnel. Malaria is endemic. There are other diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, paratyphoid, viral hepatitis A, B, C, tetanus, bilharzia (we recommend not to make bathing in the lakes or rivers). HIV/AIDS is widespread and is the second cause of death after malaria. The estimate of people living with HIV get to 12% of the population. An emergency medical evacuation is possible only by airplane from Dar es Salaam or Zanzibar for Europe, the Kenya or South Africa. Please note that, for accidents that may occur within the country, the risks are high, given the difficulties of communication and transportation. We recommend that, before embarking on the journey of health insurance that provides coverage beyond the medical expenses, even an eventual repatriation and/or transfer emergency health care in another country. Warnings Before departure, it is best to consult a doctor about the opportunity to undergo the prophylaxis, vaccination and other endemic diseases. We recommend that you: -buy beverages in sealed containers; -treat water for food (boiling for over twenty minutes, filtering and decanting); -avoid vegetables and seafoods if uncooked; -drinking water and bottled drinks without adding ice; -consult a doctor immediately and request analysis the first symptoms of illness (vomiting, fever, diarrhea). People wishing to travel to high altitudes on Mount Kilimanjaro, due to the considerable physical effort required by the long route, should make the trip only after obtaining the opinion of a doctor; Please note that on Kilimanjaro there is possibility of using oxygen bottles and lacks a fully equipped emergency room. Finally, it is recalled that as regards the diving, hiking in Dar es Salaam are not available in hyperbaric chambers.

Climate

Along the coast and Zanzibar temperatures are high in the months from November to April; remain pleasant during the months from May to September and in the hilly interior of the country. The season of the great rains normally goes from mid-February to may, that small rains between November and December.

Viability

Drivers license: international driving license is required (model 1968 Vienna Convention) Compulsory civil liability insurance:. The Italian insurance is not valid. You must take out a short-term insurance on the spot. In this respect it should be noted the following address: National Insurance Corporation of Tanzania Ltd P.O.B. 9264 Dar es Salaam Tanzanie Tel. 3823/+255 22 211 9 email: info-nic@nictanzania.com Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. You can import a vehicle for a maximum period of 12 months with the obligation to "carnet customs passage" (CPD). For more information on CPD please consult the following link: www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Driving rules Sense of leadership: a guide to left, overtaking on the right. Helmet for motorcyclists: required Belts: indossarele is required on the front seats of vehicles. The police is authorised to collect on the amount of a fine Blood alcohol content: the police can ask drivers to submit to a breath test. The legal limit is 0.08%. Fines of up to 50000 TZS and is scheduled to suspend imprisonment. Motorways: not present in Tanzania Transport links with Europe are guaranteed with daily flights from KLM, Swissair, British Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Emirates, Qatar Airways, Egyptair.

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