Taiwan

       
Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall

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is an island or island group in the western Pacific Ocean located off the southeast coast of mainland China. The main island has constituted over 99% of the territory controlled by the Republic of China (ROC) after its defeat during the Chinese Civil War in 1950, and the country is now commonly known as "Taiwan". (See also Names of the Republic of China.) Separated from the Asian continent by the 160 km (99 mi) wide Taiwan Strait, Taiwan is 394 km (245 mi) long and 144 kilometres (89 mi) wide. To the northeast are the main islands of Japan and the East China Sea, and the southern end of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan is directly to the east; the Batanes Islands of the Philippines lie to its south across the Bashi Channel. The mountainous island spans the Tropic of Cancer and is covered by tropical and subtropical vegetation. Other minor islands and islets of the group include the Penghu Islands (Pescadores), Green Island, and Orchid Island, as well as the Diaoyutai Islands (Senkaku islands), which have been controlled by Japan since the 1970s. Taiwan was ceded to the Empire of Japan by the Qing Empire of China in the Treaty of Shimonoseki after the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895. In 1945 the Republic of China acquired control of Taiwan from Japan as a result of World War II. Four years later the ROC lost mainland China in the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China and resettled its government to Taiwan. Taiwan comprises the vast majority of the ROC's territory since 1950, and this is one of multiple reasons that the ROC is commonly known as "Taiwan". The political status of Taiwan is disputed because it is claimed by the People's Republic of China, which was established in 1949 by the communists on mainland China and considers itself the successor state to the ROC. Since the PRC's establishment, it has never controlled any of the territories the ROC government currently governs. Japan had originally acquired Taiwan from the Qing Empire in 1895 under Article 2 of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. At the end of World War II, Japan renounced all claims to sovereignty over its former colonial possessions, including Taiwan and Penghu (Pescadores), but did not specify to whom Taiwan and Penghu should be assigned. This fact and subsequent handling of Taiwan's sovereignty by the Allies of World War II led to the complex and unresolved issues of the legal and political status of Taiwan. Taiwan's rapid economic growth in the decades after World War II has transformed it into an industrialized developed country and one of the Four Asian Tigers. This economic rise is known as the Taiwan Miracle. It is categorized as an advanced economy by the IMF and as a high-income economy by the World Bank. Its advanced technology industry plays a key role in the global economy. Taiwanese companies manufacture a large portion of the world's consumer electronics, although most of them are now made in their factories in mainland China.

Capital TAIPEI
Currency Nuovo dollaro di Taiwan (TWD)
Country code 00886
Spoken languages ​​ Chinese, Mandarin and dialects of South China
Passport

need with survival of at least 6 months after the date of departure for Taiwan.

Health

Excellent hospitals and the availability of medicines in the capital is still adequate level in major urban centers. Do you have difficulty communicating with physicians: most of them studied abroad and speak English. For emergency services or hospital is normally required immediate payment and in some cases even anticipated. The costs are very low anyway. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other Country. There are sporadic incidents of dengue fever transmitted by infected mosquitoes, while in summer there are numerous cases of viral hepatitis and viral enteritis in children. Are increasing cases of AIDS. We recommend that you check regularly, at the moment of departure, reports on cases of SARS or bird flu by visiting this site. WARNINGS It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. It is recommended to drink bottled or filtered water and ice drinks not add. You should also avoid foods cooked on the street. There are many restaurants, also excellent, especially in the capital.

Climate

the island's climate is very hot and humid between April and October. During the period between October and March, temperatures are moderate and dropping down to 10° between late December and late January. The sky is often overcast. In summer and autumn are frequent violent and highly dangerous typhoons, but careful monitoring of meteorological services and the wide dissemination of news by all means of communication allow you to take appropriate precautions.

Viability

Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model) Residents can obtain the conversion of the Italian licence. Internal transport Road: traffic is pretty neat. Maintenance of urban and rural road network is good, but can cause serious problems on mountain roads during the rainy season characterized by typhoons and monsoon phenomena. Roadside assistance services are efficient. By rail: The conventional rail network is small, but offers a good service. High Speed which connects Taipei to Taichung and Kaohsiung is convenient and efficient. Ports: Hualien, Kaohsiung, Keelung. Airports Aviation security is very high, there are 39 airports on the island of varying size and all major cities are connected by air. The main international airport is the Taipei Taoyuan International Airport. The importance of air connections, however, diminished following the opening of the high-speed railway line linking the capital to the most important centres of the West Coast, where most of the population and resources of the country.

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