Swaziland

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is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, bordered to the north, south and west by South Africa, and to the east by Mozambique. The nation, as well as its people, are named after the 19th century king Mswati II. Swaziland is a small country, no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. The western half is mountainous, descending to a lowveld region to the east. The eastern border with Mozambique and South Africa is dominated by the escarpment of the Lebombo Mountains. The climate is temperate in the west, but may reach 40 °C (104 °F) in summer in the lowveld. Rainfall occurs mainly in the summer and may reach 2 metres (6.6 ft) in the west. The area that Swaziland now covers has been continuously inhabited since prehistory. Today, the population is primarily ethnic Swazis whose language is siSwati, though English is spoken as a second language. The Swazi people descend from the southern Bantu who migrated from Central Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Anglo-Boer War saw the United Kingdom make Swaziland a protectorate under its direct control. Swaziland gained independence in 1968. Swaziland is a member of the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, and the Commonwealth of Nations. The head of state is the king, who appoints the prime minister and a small number of representatives for both chambers of parliament. Elections are held every five years to determine the majority of the representatives. A new constitution was adopted in 2005. Some 75% of the population are employed in subsistence farming, and 60% of the population live on less than the equivalent of US$1.25 per day. Swaziland's main trading partner is South Africa, and its currency is pegged to the South African rand. Swaziland's economic growth and societal integrity is highly endangered by its disastrous HIV epidemic, to an extent where the United Nations Development Program has written that if it continues unabated, the "longer term existence of Swaziland as a country will be seriously threatened." The infection rate in the country is unprecedented and the highest in the world at 26.1% of adults, and over 50% of adults in their 20s.

Capital MBABANE
Currency Lilangeni
Country code 00268
Spoken languages ​​ swazi, english
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least six months and two blank pages. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Local public health structures are acceptable, though not comparable to those of neighboring South Africa. You can find on-site drugs and vaccines with ease. Are not widespread in the country to endemic diseases. Only in a few areas there is malaria. With the threat of HIV. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on the trip, an insurance policy appropriate to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual emergency repatriation or relocation to another country.

Climate

Climatic conditions are those typical of the southern hemisphere, attenuated from altitudes of approximately 500 m. above sea level. The climate is hot humid during the rainy season (November-February) while it is tempered from March to September.

Viability

Driving Licence: Italian with English translation Customs documents required: carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily mind. Compulsory third party insurance Links with Europe To reach Europe you must travel to South Africa or in Maputo (Mozambique).

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Languages: English - Italiano

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