Sudan

       
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officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎, Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), sometimes called North Sudan, is a country in North Africa that is often considered to be part of the Middle East as well. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. The population of Sudan is a combination of indigenous Nilo-Saharan-speaking Africans, and descendants of migrants from the Arabian Peninsula. Due to the process of Arabisation common throughout the rest of the Arab World, today Arab culture predominates in Sudan. The majority of the population of Sudan adheres to Islam. The Nile divides the country between east and west sides. The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity which is intertwined with the history of Egypt. Sudan suffered seventeen years of civil war during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) followed by ethnic, religious and economic conflicts between the Muslim Arab northern Sudanese and the mostly animist and Christian Nilotes of Southern Sudan. This led to the Second Sudanese Civil War in 1983. Because of continuing political and military struggles, Sudan was seized in a bloodless coup d'état by colonel Omar al-Bashir in 1989, who thereafter proclaimed himself President of Sudan. The civil war ended with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement which granted autonomy to what was then the southern region of the country. Following a referendum held in January 2011, South Sudan seceded on 9 July 2011 with the consent of Sudan's President al-Bashir. A member of the United Nations, Sudan also maintains membership with the African Union, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as serving as an observer in the World Trade Organization. Its capital is Khartoum, which serves as the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation. Officially a federal presidential representative democratic republic, the politics of Sudan are widely considered by the international community to take place within an authoritarian system due to the control of the National Congress Party (NCP) of the judiciary, executive and legislative branches of government.

Capital KHARTOUM
Currency Dinaro sudanese (DS)
Country code 00249
Spoken languages ​​ arabic, english
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least six months after the date of departure for the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Hospital/medical facilities in the country do not reflect Western standards. The health situation is particularly difficult because there is a risk of contracting diseases typical of the equatorial areas: malaria, typhus, Amoeba, hepatitis A and B, cholera, meningitis, yellow fever. The AIDS cases are increasing. In recent years were reported frequent cases of Rift Valley fever "; generally speaking, frequent infections are caused by direct contact with infected animals, ingestion of unpasteurised milk or from insect stings. Although the risk is higher in rural areas, the frequent displacements of population towards urban areas make you ' that even the urban populations have liable to exposure to these diseases. You should consult regularly the website of World Health Organisation (www.who.org) for updates on the health situation. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings: We recommend that you: -After consulting a doctor, vaccinations against yellow fever, meningitis, hepatitis A and B, typhoid and tetanus; We recommend, in addition, anti-malarial drugs; -travel with a stash of drugs and those necessities that you need; -drink only water filtered and disinfected and fumigating with fruits and vegetables.

Climate

scorching heat typical of desert areas, with temperatures that can exceed 50° C (May-July) and with sporadic rains (August-October); The best period to visit the country goes from November to February.

Viability

Driving Licence: Italian license presented upon arrival to the authorities Customs documents required: the "carnet customs passage" for the temporarily imported vehicles. Transportation: the ordinary road network is approximately Km motorway beamwidth 73577 is non-existent. Its rail network stretches about Km 4765. Ports: Port Sudan International airports: Khartoum, Port Sudan. Airlines: there are no direct flights between Italy and the Sudan; Some companies connecting Italy with a stopover in Sudan are: Lufthansa, Emirates Airlines, Egypt Air, Ethiopian Airlines, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian, British Midlands Yemenya, and KLM. Car: there is no fix for the hire of machines. Fuel: in the big centres can be found with ease diesel (6.5 Sudanese Pounds per gallon) and gasoline (8.5 Sudanese Pounds per gallon), while outside major cities, you may encounter some difficulty in finding the fuel prices also increased.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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