South Africa

       
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is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It is divided into nine provinces, with 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north of the country lie the neighbouring territories of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland; while Lesotho is an enclave surrounded by South African territory. South Africa is multi-ethnic and has diverse cultures and languages. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution. Two of these languages are of European origin: South African English and Afrikaans, a language which originated mainly from Dutch that is spoken by the majority of white and Coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. All ethnic and language groups have political representation in the country's constitutional democracy comprising a parliamentary republic; unlike most parliamentary republics, the positions of head of state and head of government are merged in a parliament-dependent President. About 79.5% of the South African population is of black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. South Africa also contains the largest communities of European, Asian, and racially mixed ancestry in Africa. South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, one of only four countries in Africa in this category (the others being Botswana, Gabon and Mauritius). It has the largest economy in Africa, and the 28th-largest in the world. About a quarter of the population is unemployed and lives on less than US $1.25 a day.

Capital PRETORIA
Currency Rand sudafricano (ZAR)
Country code 0027
Spoken languages ​​ 11 official languages including English
Passport

necessary. In order to avoid any disputes at the time of entry into the country, it is advisable to travel with a passport that has any survival of at least 6 months. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. It is recommended also to check, before departure, that his passport is perfectly healthy, as well as two contiguous pages. Local authorities are increasingly firm in denying access to foreigners who are not in possession of a document with these features. The result of the non-entry into the country will stop at the border and repatriation, by the same airline, with the first available flight. Visa: required. Up to 90 days in the country the visa is issued directly upon arrival at the border. For stays of more than 90 days must apply for a visa at the Embassy of South Africa in Rome, prior authorization of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Pretoria. Travelers leaving the country after the expiration of the visa, are subject to state of detention, imprisonment and the payment of fines.

Health

The health situation is generally good. The level of private healthcare facilities, as well as highly specialized is good while the public hospitals are poorly considered reliable. We recommend, however, to conclude, before leaving, health insurance in addition to providing medical expenses also cover an eventual repatriation medical aircraft. It is preferable that the health insurance also provides for the possibility of delivering advances in case of hospitalisation. Private clinics do not dispense medical services without prepayment of at least one deposit, sometimes very costly. The deposit is not required where there is between the healthcare facility and the insurance company, a Convention that makes it possible to avoid this store. You do not have particular difficulties in finding more medicines on the market. In rural areas of the provinces of Limpopo, Mpumalanga and northern KwaZulu-Natal, periodic epidemics occur of cholera. In case of travel in these areas (including the "Kruger National Park" and the "Wetlands" around Saint Lucia) consider, after consulting a doctor, an effective anti-malarial drugs. Are also present, although not common, the bilharzia (in rivers and freshwater lakes in which you should not bathe) and rickettosi (tick-borne fever). We are also registered in the past, some cases of typhus in the town of Delmas. Finally, it should be kept in mind that South Africa is one of the countries in the world where AIDS is widespread. Warnings Water and food are not generally specific problems, especially in large cities and structures near the major tourist areas. You should, in any case, of: -maintain a high level of personal hygiene; -eat only well-cooked foods and drinking only water and bottled beverages without adding ice, especially in rural areas of the provinces of Limpopo, Mpumalanga and northern KwaZulu-Natal.

Telephony

The mobile phone is active throughout the country. Imports of phones or laptops is prohibited.

Climate

Mild, especially in coastal areas, with the exception of the northern part of the East Coast that presents tropical characteristics. The areas inside are instead of a substantially drier climate. Summer (October-April) is generally hot, cooler in the evening hours. Winter (June-August) is dry and sunny with temperatures around 15-20 degrees during the day and 0-10 degrees at night. In the mountain areas can also occur to snowy precipitations.

Viability

Licence To rent a vehicle is required international licence (Vienna Convention 1968 model) Car insurance The third party insurance is mandatory and must be unlimited. The insurance premium is included in the price of gasoline. Foreign insurances accepted Only those issued in the countries of the Southern African Customs community. Short-term insurance Under warranty, subject to the usual rules, you can borrow short-term insurance for all risks from the insurance company of the AA of South Africa: Documents for vehicles imported temporarily It is necessary the carnet customs passage. Driving rules Drive on the left. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts, child seat: mandatory to wear seat belts if the vehicle is equipped with both front and rear. Children under the age of 14 years shall be seated on a Chair or other suitable restraint for their size. Triangle: mandatory for commercial vehicles and buses, buses and minibuses. Lights: lights of a motorcycle must be lit day and night; The projectors are generally forbidden, except in special cases by the rescue services or assistance. Alcohol in blood Limit allowed: a driver is punishable by a fine when the blood alcohol content exceeding 0.05% (or when the alcohol in the breath rate exceeds 0.35 g/l) for professional drivers is the limit of 0.02%. Detection Test: breath tests conducted at random are rare, but can often be performed at festivals or systematic controls. Transport in General: there is an excellent road network and the domestic and international air connections are frequent and capillaries. The rail network is of poor reliability, except for the "Blue Train", which carries out regular services between Pretoria and Cape Town. We do not recommend to use buses to the linkages between the various quarters as lacking in maintenance. The only reliable taxis are identifiable with the special "TAXI" on the roof and on the sides of the vehicle; normally are sedans and not minibuses. The links between the major cities in South Africa are run by modern and comfortable coaches suitable to travel great distances.

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