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is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to the west, across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also possesses several territories in the Pacific and Caribbean. At 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and with over 312 million people, the United States is the third or fourth largest country by total area, and the third largest by both land area and population. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries. The U.S. economy is the world's largest national economy, with an estimated 2011 GDP of $15.1 trillion (22% of nominal global GDP and over 19% of global GDP at purchasing-power parity). Per capita income is the world's seventh-highest. Indigenous peoples descended from forebears who migrated from Asia have inhabited what is now the mainland United States for many thousands of years. This Native American population was greatly reduced by disease and warfare after European contact. The United States was founded by thirteen British colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard. On July 4, 1776, they issued the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed their right to self-determination and their establishment of a cooperative union. The rebellious states defeated the British Empire in the American Revolution, the first successful colonial war of independence. The current United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, comprising ten constitutional amendments guaranteeing many fundamental civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791. Through the 19th century, the United States displaced native tribes, acquired the Louisiana territory from France, Florida from Spain, part of the Oregon Country from the United Kingdom, Alta California and New Mexico from Mexico, and Alaska from Russia, and annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Disputes between the agrarian South and industrial North over the expansion of the institution of slavery and states' rights provoked the Civil War of the 1860s. The North's victory prevented a permanent split of the country and led to the end of legal slavery in the United States. By the 1870s, its national economy was the world's largest. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a military power. It emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union left the United States as the sole superpower. The country accounts for 41% of global military spending, and is a leading economic, political, and cultural force in the world.

Capital WASHINGTON
Currency Dollaro statunitense (US$)
Country code 001
Spoken languages ​​ English and Spanish
Passport

necessary. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

There are no particular difficulties for any medical emergency repatriation. As medical expenses in the United States hospital very high, it is advisable to adopt, before departure, an insurance policy that covers medical expenses and repatriation medical aircraft. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in another country as hospital medical expenses in the United States are very high.

Telephony

It is permissible to use a landline phone in your car, portable, CB, if you have a subscription with a handler that has a roaming agreement. The use of a mobile phone driving is regulated: -It is forbidden to use in: Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, California, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, Washington DC -It is allowed to use in: Florida, Maryland, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania -You can use just a telephone speakerphone in the districts of Miami-Dode in Florida and New York.

Climate

With the exception of Alaska, dominated by climatic characteristics subpolar, the US has a temperate climate that essentially varies from zone to zone in relation both to the vastness of the territory, and its conformation (Meridian and available relief device), both opened on three separate fronts. With the exception of Atlantic and Pacific coastal ranges, the huge central area is a kind of corridor, widely open to the North and South, with alternate movements of two air masses: the continental polar from Canada, and tropicale, from the Gulf of Mexico, which in the Interior of the country. The polar air in winter, cold and dry, can reach the southern regions, generally myths, causes sudden freezes also. In the summer the hot and humid tropical air can reach the Great Lakes area, bringing rain and fog banks. California: San Francisco knows the weak temperature changes from one season to the next. In summer temperatures are very pleasant during the day but can subside suddenly when the wind blows. In winter the weather is mild during the day, but it rains often and the nights are cool. To the South, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot summers. In winter as in summer, sometimes the coast is hit by the Santa Ana wind and dry powder load. These winds and rainfall cause-especially in the summer time, but not only-strong fires affecting areas inhabited site near forests or dense vegetation. We recommend therefore to the compatriots who were to travel to affected areas to inquire about the situation through the websites of authorities (www.ca.gov and www.calema.gov) or local media (www.latimes.com). The sea temperature never exceeds the 20° c. Inside the temperature drops with altitude near the coastline and the Sierra Nevada. In summer it is best to avoid the desert areas to the East and North East of Los Angeles and Phoenix, the sunny and sweltering cities of United States. Please note that during the summer season (June to November) can occur, especially along the southern coast and the Gulf of Mexico, cyclonic phenomena (hurricanes, cyclones, tropical storms, etc.) even at low latitudes of the usual.

Viability

Licence It is appropriate to apply international license. Because it is the only recognized international driving licence in accordance with the Geneva Convention of 1949 should be careful to expressly require this license model of Civil Motorization offices. Car insurance Foreign insurances accepted: the insurance policies issued in Canada are recognized. The other bills are not recognized and that is why you must take out insurance at the time of entry. Short term insurance: a motorist visitor must request a temporary insurance at the "American International Underwriters": AIU Personal Lines Division (American International Group Inc.) 72 Wall Street, 4th Floor New York, N.Y. 10005 email ask.aiu@aig.com web: www.aiu.com/ Vehicles imported temporarily without customs documents It allowed the temporary importation free of duty for one year only, but not to those registered as trucks. Delegation to conduct: Please remember to drive a car abroad does not own that it is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory in most States, but some only motorcyclists younger than 18 years or 19 years are obliged to wear a helmet. Safety belts: the use of safety belts is mandatory in all States except New Hampshire where there is no legislation for those who have more than 18 years. Child seat: the age of children who must travel on the child as well as for the use of seat belts for adults varies depending on the conditions. Hazard warning triangle, position lights: the triangle is not required. Emergency lights can be used in emergency cases except in the following 13 States: Alaska-South Carolina-Florida-Hawaii-Idaho-Kansas-Louisiana-Massachusetts-Nevada-New Mexico New Jersey-Rhode Island. Lighthouses: all motor vehicles with more than two wheels must have 2 white lights 2 red lights front and rear. Anti-fog headlights and spotlights are allowed but must be mounted in pairs. The use of spotlights is prohibited in residential areas. In most States the vehicle lights should be lit when it rains. A motorcycle must have the lights on during the day in many States. The sidelights are required only with the weather in Massachusetts. Safe emergency-fire extinguisher: it is advisable to have them on board the vehicle. Limitations on movement Restrictions are in place for the use of motorcycles on the roads and on motorways with tolls, which are indicated by signs located at the entrance of the same. There are no restrictions on the movement of heavy vehicles during the weekend or on holidays but you must respect the signals indicating the weight and the maximum height permitted. Spiked tyres and snow chains It is prohibited to use spiked tyres. Tyres with crampons are authorized in winter in all States except: Georgia (permitted only when snow or ice) Hawaii-Illinois-Louisiana-Maryland (except the West from 1 November to 31 March)-Michigan-Wisconsin Mississippi. In Alabama, Florida, Texas and Utah have accepted only flexible crampons. No legislation for New Mexico. Fuels The gradations of 87 octane and 91 (MOZ) Americans are the answer. at 92 and 95 octane (ROZ) of other countries. The American gallon is equivalent to 3.785 liters. BAC In all States and the District of Columbia is forbidden to drive a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. The BAC was 0.08% in all States. The rate of blood alcohol limit for driving commercial vehicles is 0.04% and for those who are under the age of 21 years is generally of 0.02%. In most States it is forbidden to have bottles or cans in the vehicle open for alcoholic beverages. In some States, e.g. Connecticut, a driver with less than 21 years cannot have a bottle or jar, although closed, of alcoholic drink in the vehicle unless accompanied by a parent or guardian. Tracking tests: the legislation of many States, States that anyone who drives a motor vehicle on public roads implicitly give their consent to submit to blood tests and urine breath when stopped. In some States who refuses to submit to testing is indicted; Massachusetts eg. is withdrawn the licence for 120 days, California is withdrawn for a year. Highways Links: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/. Transportation: the links above are carried out in the USA by air and rail are popular on the East Coast.

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