Slovenia

       
The forzen lake Bled and the island, view from the castle.

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is the most westernly positioned and the richest Slavic nation state. It is situated in South-Central Europe,[Note 1] at the crossroad of main European cultural and trade routes. It borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Croatia to the south and southeast, and Hungary to the northeast. It covers 20,273 square kilometres (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.05 million. It is a bicameral parliamentary republic, member of the European Union, the Eurozone, the Schengen area, NATO, and OECD. Relative to its geography, history, economy, culture, and language, it is a very diverse country distinguished by a transitional character. Its capital and largest city is Ljubljana. The territory of Slovenia is mainly hilly or mountainous and characterised by exceptionally high landscape and biological diversity and a mosaic structure, which are a result of natural attributes and the long-lasting presence of humans. Four major European geographic units interweave here: the Alps, the Dinaric Alps, the Mediterranean, with a small portion of coastline along the Adriatic Sea, and the Pannonian Plain. The climate is temperate and significantly influenced by the variety of territory, with a strong interaction of the continental climate, the sub-Mediterranean climate and Alpine climate across most of the country. The country is one of the water-richest in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, and significant karstic underground watercourses. Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The settlement of Slovenia is dispersed and uneven. The Slavic, Germanic, Romance and Uralic linguistic and cultural groups have been meeting here. The dominant population is Slovene, but it has almost never been homogenous. Slovene is the only official language throughout the country, whereas Italian and Hungarian are regional minority languages. Roman Catholicism as well as Lutheranism have markedly influenced the formation of the Slovenian culture and identity. Nowadays, Slovenia is a largely secularised country. The economy of Slovenia is small, open, export-oriented and subsequently, heavily influenced by international circumstances. With its diversity of landscapes, Slovenia is a natural sports venue, with many Slovenians actively practicing sport and reaching top successes particularly in winter sports, water sports, mountaineering, and endurance sports. Historically, the current territory of Slovenia was part of many different state formations, including the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, followed by the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1918, the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the internationally unrecognized State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs, which merged into Yugoslavia. During World War II, Slovenia was occupied and annexed by Germany, Italy, and Hungary only to emerge afterwards as a founding member of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia. In 2004, it entered NATO and the European Union, and in 2007 it was the first former Communist country to join the Eurozone.

Capital LUBIANA
Currency euro
Country code 00386
Spoken languages ​​ Slovene, Italian, Hungarian
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU. With the country's entry into the Schengen area have been eliminated controls at land borders, ports and airports. Print ID card extended by means of Apostille and the words "pursuant to article 31 of Decree-Law No. 112 25.06.2008" is valid. The electronic identity card extended with renewal, docket standard issued by the municipality, the annex to the same, it is valid. You must travel with a valid identity document for expatriation. Driving licences not to be considered such.

Health

The health situation in Slovenia is good. On-site procurement of medicines: good. Encephalitis from tick bite is endemic in the country. It is recommended that, after consulting a doctor, encephalitis vaccination by tick bite, especially for those wishing to visit, especially in summer, Woods and forests or outdoor activities. Our countrymen who travel temporarily (tourism, business, study or work) in the country of the European Union can receive necessary medical care provided by local Public Assistance If in possession of the card TEAM (European health insurance card) issued by the ASL. There are no fix for emergency repatriation. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on the journey, a health insurance that includes, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another country.

Telephony

the cellular network is active throughout the territory.

Climate

continental. In the coastal climate is Mediterranean.

Viability

Licence: the licence may be used. Insurance: an Italian insurance On July 1, 2011 came into force the new highway code which provides for severe penalties for more serious infractions. Substantial penalties for driving on the wrong side and also for speeding: exceeding 50 Km in towns is fined by withdrawing the licence and 1,200 euros. Fines ranging from Eur 400 to 1,200 Euros for those who exceed the speed limit on the freeway. Fines from 120 Euro for those driving without a seat belt and for those who use the phone while driving. In case of car accident wrongful death, often the vehicle is seized and identity documents withdrawn before the celebration of the trial before the Court (normally within 24 hours). In accordance with the provisions on breaches of the highway code, in force since 01.05.1999, temporary visitors can pay their fines directly to police officers who have detected infringement and payment receipt will receive the module/PROM1 JIV COMPUTER. Are also laid down the following rules: keep necessarily also ignited the day low-beam headlamps; For more information on the www.promet.si site traffic Speed limits are as follows: Towns/50 Km/h; Roads 90/100 Km/h; Highways 130 Km/h. The penalties for the main infringements of the rules of the highway code are as follows: Towns and villages: between 80 and 1000 euros + additional penalties; Roads between 60 and 380 euros + additional penalties; Dangerous overtaking 500 euro + additional penalties; Irregular entry in 300 euro + additional penalties; BAC Limit allowed: 0.05% then snaps the withdrawal of the licence (at least 18 points on driving licence) and a fine of 1,200 euros. Drivers with blood alcohol between 0.5 and 0.8 per thousand will be fined 600 Euros and with 8 points less on license. Driving under the influence of drugs: fine of 950 euro + additional penalties. Important: Please remember to pass on all roads and expressways (expressways, freeways, tangential) is required to purchase the "sticker" (adhesive labeling) that must be pasted on the front windshield. Eur 95.00 per year (valid from 1 December to 31 January of the following year) 30.00 Eur monthly Weekly Euro 15.00 Mopeds: Eur 47.50 per year Semi-annual Euro 25.00 Weekly Euro 7.50 For vehicles (trucks) weight exceeding 3,500 kg is the normal system of motorway tolls at toll stations. Fines (infringement of the law on public roads – Gaz. Uff. 33/06) for failing to purchase and affix the sticker varies from 300 to 800 Euro Euro; If the fine is paid the fine is reduced by 50%. The Slovenian motorway company agents are authorized to collect DARS fines and, in the case of non-payment of the fine shall be authorised to collect identity or other documents. More information can be found at the following site: www.dars.si Equipment required for motorists travelling in Slovenia: Vehicle total mass exceeding 3,500 kg -Spare wheel or special device or support equipment -Safety Triangle for the tip of the vehicle stopped on the roadway, approved according to UN/ECE R 27; -First aid Kit approved EU; -Complete with spare lights -Orange reflector Vest, red or yellow according to SIST EN 471, to take on board the vehicle. from 15 November to 15 March: -Winter tires on all wheels, with m. S, M & S or M + S, with carvings of tread depth not less than 3 mm. or -Summer tyres and aboard, snow chains (or devices) of appropriate size for the wheels. The four-wheel-drive vehicles constants must be equipped with snow chains for tyres of the rear axle. Vehicle total mass greater than 3,500 kg In addition to the above equipment is required on board: -Fire Extinguisher -Snow Shovel. Transport in General: good

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