Slovakia

       
Banská Bystrica, SNP Square

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is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi). Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is the capital, Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice. Slovakia is a member state of the European Union, NATO, United Nations, OECD and WTO among others. The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family. The Slavs arrived in the territory of present day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries during the migration period. In the course of history, various parts of today's Slovakia belonged to Samo's Empire (the first known political unit of Slavs), Principality of Nitra (as independent polity, as part of Great Moravia and as part of Hungarian Kingdom), Great Moravia, Kingdom of Hungary, the Austro-Hungarian Empire or Habsburg Empire, and Czechoslovakia. A separate Slovak state briefly existed during World War II, during which Slovakia was a dependency of Nazi Germany between 1939–1944. From 1945 Slovakia once again became a part of Czechoslovakia. The present-day Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Slovakia is a high-income advanced economy with one of the fastest growth rates in the European Union and the OECD. The country joined the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone on 1 January 2009. Slovakia together with Slovenia and Estonia are the only former Communist nations to be part of the European Union, Eurozone, Schengen Area and NATO simultaneously.

Capital BRATISLAVA
Currency Euro
Country code 00421
Spoken languages ​​ Slovak
Passport

you need to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU.

Health

The health situation is normal although sometimes healthcare facilities have shortcomings. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. For more information you should consult your own SLA or the website of the Ministry of health Warnings You should, after consulting a doctor, vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in case of trips that require hiking in wooded areas or with intense vegetation. There are no endemic diseases. It is advisable to obtain a private health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country.

Climate

Continental climate with mild marine influences in the South and West; winters, very stiff to the northeast of the country.

Viability

Licence: Italian. Car insurance: Rca mandatory for all vehicles. The Italian insurance is also valid in Rep. Slovakia. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Helmets for motorcyclists: compulsory for the driver of a motorcycle over 50 cm3. Safety belts: mandatory for both the driver and all passengers. Lights: all vehicles must have low beam lights lit day and night, all year round. It is mandatory to have a replacement lamp on the vehicle. First aid: Briefcase must be on board. Reflective vest: required on board vehicles 4-wheel for use on suburban streets day and night. Spike tyres: it is prohibited to be used also for foreign vehicles. Winter equipment: private cars must use snow tires in case of presence on compact snow and ice. The chains are allowed if the layer of snow this is sufficient to protect the road surface. Trucks and buses must have winter tires from 15 November to 31 March. All vehicles must have the badge of the country of origin. BAC: allowable limit: 0%. It is prohibited to drink either before or while driving. No tolerance is not permitted blood-alcohol level of. You must undergo a test in case of request by the authorities. As A result of the test may also be required a blood collection. Suspension of the licence (from 1 to 10 years for a rate exceeding 0.1% for those who commit the offence for the first time, applicable to drivers with foreign licence will be banned from driving in Slovak territory). A fine shall be fixed by the Court after administrative procedure. Highways: highways and main roads, for cars up to 3.5 tonnes must pay a toll by purchasing a sticker marking to be applied at lower right on the windshield. All marks not positioned correctly are considered invalid. Labeling is not required for two-wheel vehicles, except motorcycles with sidecars that should apply. Toll stickers are available for different validity periods with a minimum of 7 days. You buy in frontier and at some post offices and petrol stations. To follow the rates in euros per January 1, 2011 for vehicles up to 3.5 tonnes: 7 days: 7.00 1 month: 14.00 1 year: 50.00 For vehicles from 3.5 tonnes (including coaches) there is an obligation to bring the device to the prepaid electronic toll (OBU) that must be installed inside the car before entering into road sections subject to payment of the toll. For more detailed information on the equipment and on the points of sale see the website https://www.emyto.sk/web/guest/faq/obu Internal transport Internal links are provided by a network of roads and railway rather extensive. It is possible to reach Slovakia's second largest city, Kosice, also by air. In the capital filotranviaria and bus network is very developed and functional (service from 4.30 to 24.00 hours). Ticket price: 0.70 € to Bratislava for 15 minutes (for a single vehicle) and 0.90 € for 60 minutes (weekends and holidays, 90 minutes, even with more vehicles but in only one direction). The night bus ticket costs € 1.60. Tickets can be purchased at newsstands, vending machines or by sending an sms without text to number 1100 for a cost of € 1 and is valid for 70 minutes. It should be noted that the fines imposed in case of infringement rise from 50 euros to January 1, 2009, reduced to 40 euros if paid in cash immediately upon receipt by the release of official control.

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