Singapore

       
Singapore

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is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south. Singapore is highly urbanised but almost half of the country is covered by greenery. More land is being created for development through land reclamation. Singapore had been a part of various local empires since it was first inhabited in the second century AD. Modern Singapore was founded as a trading post of the East India Company by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819 with permission from the Sultanate of Johor. The British obtained full sovereignty over the island in 1824 and Singapore became one of the British Straits Settlements in 1826. Singapore was occupied by the Japanese in World War II and reverted to British rule after the war. It became internally self-governing in 1959. Singapore united with other former British territories to form Malaysia in 1963 and became a fully independent state two years later after separation from Malaysia. Since then it has had a massive increase in wealth, and is one of the Four Asian Tigers. The economy depends heavily on the industry and service sectors. Singapore is a world leader in several areas: It is the world's fourth-leading financial centre, the world's second-biggest casino gambling market, and the world's third-largest oil refining centre. The port of Singapore is one of the five busiest ports in the world, most notable for being the busiest transshipment port in the world. The country is home to more US dollar millionaire households per capita than any other country. The World Bank notes Singapore as the easiest place in the world to do business. The country has the world's third highest GDP PPP per capita of US$59,936, making Singapore one of the world's wealthiest countries. Singapore is a parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government. The People's Action Party (PAP) has won every election since the British grant of internal self-government in 1959. The legal system of Singapore has its foundations in the English common law system, but modifications have been made to it over the years, such as the removal of trial by jury. The PAP's popular image is that of a strong, experienced and highly qualified government, backed by a skilled Civil Service and an education system with an emphasis on achievement and meritocracy; but it is perceived by some voters, opposition critics and international observers as being authoritarian and too restrictive on individual freedom. Some 5 million people live in Singapore, of whom 2.91 million were born locally. Most are of Chinese, Malay or Indian descent. There are four official languages: English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil. One of the five founding members of the Association of South East Asian Nations, Singapore also hosts the APEC Secretariat, and is a member of the East Asia Summit, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Commonwealth.

Capital SINGAPORE
Currency Dollaro di Singapore (SGD)
Country code 0065
Spoken languages ​​ English, Mandarin, Malay
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least 6 months (not only absolutely necessary condition for entry to Singapore but also in order to continue the journey towards the other countries of the region).

Health

The country offers adequate hospital structures Western standards, although the costs of medical and hospital benefits are rather high. Are not available on the Italian medicines but it's easy to find similar medicines in pharmacies at the hospitals and medical facilities. After consulting doctor is recommended vaccination against hepatitis A and b. Have registered cases of H1N1 influenza and SARS in the past. Register during the year cases of malaria and dengue fever. Local authorities have put in place appropriate measures to curb the phenomena, but it is advisable to take maximum care with preventive measures. For more details and the latest updates about it it is possible to visit the website of the Ministry of health of Singapore: www.moh.gov.sg Warnings. It is recommended to take out before undertaking the journey, a health insurance policy to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country.

Telephony

Mobile phones with subscription or Italian card can receive and make phone calls from Singapore (according to Italian phone contract).

Climate

Equatorial climate with high humidity (up to 100%) with temperatures ranging between 25 and 35 degrees throughout the year.

Viability

Licence Italian official translation in English (must be certified by the Italian Embassy) or international driving licence or Geneva 1949 Vienna 1968. Car insurance: insurance mandatory minimum for a visitor: all motorists who travel to Singapore must have at least one valid liability insurance for Singapore. Foreign insurances accepted: policies of insurance issued outside of Singapore are not valid. International papers like insurance green card are not recognized. Short-term insurance: we recommend to tourists without a motorist insurance valid contact the insurance company closer to concluding a short-term contract for your vehicle. Insurance premiums are depending on the engine capacity of the vehicle or engine power in HP. Customs documents for temporary import vehicles It is necessary the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Links: all major airlines in Europe calling direct in modern Singapore airport and Singapore Airlines connects Rome three times a week and six times a week in Milan non-stop. Internal transport Excellent bus and Metro service. For urban taxi is a very commonly used as a cheap and readily available.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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